Benon Byamugisha Asiimwe

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SETTING Rubaga Division, Kampala, Uganda. OBJECTIVE To use polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based regions of difference (RD) analysis to study the species diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates from a community-based sample of tuberculosis (TB) patients from Rubaga and to perform long sequence polymorphism (LSP) analysis to further(More)
In recent years the population structures of many apicomplexan parasites including Plasmodium spp., Toxoplasma gondii and Cryptospordium parvum have been elucidated. These species show a considerable diversity of population structure suggesting different strategies for transmission and survival in mammalian hosts. We have undertaken a population genetic(More)
Wildlife, especially Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer), are thought to act as a reservoir for many of the important tick-borne pathogens of cattle. In this study, we have determined the prevalence of the most significant tick-borne haemoparasites in wildlife (buffalo, impala, eland and bushbuck) as well as in cattle grazing inside and neighbouring Lake Mburo(More)
The 'Muguga cocktail' live vaccine, delivered by an infection and treatment protocol, has been widely deployed in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa to protect cattle against East Coast fever, caused by Theileria parva. The vaccine contains 3 component stocks (Muguga, Serengeti-transformed and Kiambu 5). In a previous study, parasites from vaccinated and(More)
During a period of eight months, the carcases of 16,800 slaughter cattle were inspected at a city abattoir in Uganda. Eighty-seven of them had tuberculosis-like lesions and tissue samples were cultured. Only 17 cultures yielded acid-fast bacilli; 11 of them were confirmed as Mycobacterium bovis and six as non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). GenoType(More)
BACKGROUND Determination of the prevalence and drug susceptibility of the M. tuberculosis strains is important in tuberculosis control. We determined the genetic diversity and susceptibility profiles of mycobacteria isolated from tuberculosis patients in Mbarara, South Western Uganda. METHODS We enrolled, consecutively; all newly diagnosed and previously(More)
Although there are over 90 serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae, antimicrobial resistance is predominantly found in a limited number of serotypes/serogroups, namely 6, 9, 14, 19 and 23. There is no compelling mechanism to account for this restriction. We aimed to determine whether serotypes commonly associated with drug resistance have higher(More)
BACKGROUND Drug resistance levels and patterns among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from newly diagnosed and previously treated tuberculosis patients in Mbarara Uganda were investigated. METHODS We enrolled, consecutively, all newly diagnosed and previously treated smear-positive TB patients aged >/= 18 years. Isolates were tested for drug resistance(More)
We have identified a clonal complex of Mycobacterium bovis isolated at high frequency from cattle in Uganda, Burundi, Tanzania, and Ethiopia. We have named this related group of M. bovis strains the African 2 (Af2) clonal complex of M. bovis. Af2 strains are defined by a specific chromosomal deletion (RDAf2) and can be identified by the absence of spacers 3(More)
BACKGROUND The poor peri-urban areas of developing countries with inadequate living conditions and a high prevalence of HIV infection have been implicated in the increase of tuberculosis (TB). Presence of different lineages of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been described in different parts of the world. This study determined the predominant strain lineages(More)