Benoit M Kenda

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Screening of 12,000 compounds for binding affinity to the synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A), identified a high-affinity pyrrolidone derivative, brivaracetam (ucb 34714). This study examined its pharmacological profile in various in vitro and in vivo models of seizures and epilepsy, to evaluate its potential as a new antiepileptic(More)
(S)-alpha-ethyl-2-oxopyrrolidine acetamide 2 (levetiracetam, Keppra, UCB S.A.), a structural analogue of piracetam, has recently been approved as an add-on treatment of refractory partial onset seizures in adults. This drug appears to combine significant efficacy and high tolerability due to a unique mechanism of action. The latter relates to a(More)
SV2A, a synaptic vesicle protein, has been recently identified as a binding target for levetiracetam (Keppra). The specific mechanism by which SV2A binding leads to seizure protection has not yet been fully elucidated. However, a functional correlation between SV2A binding affinity and anticonvulsant potency has been observed in the mouse audiogenic seizure(More)
Despite availability of effective antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), many patients with epilepsy continue to experience refractory seizures and adverse events. Achievement of better seizure control and fewer side effects is key to improving quality of life. This review describes the rationale for the discovery and preclinical profile of brivaracetam (BRV),(More)
Seletracetam is a pyrrolidone derivative with a one-log-unit higher affinity for the synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A) than levetiracetam (Keppra). This study explored its anticonvulsant properties in animal models of epilepsy. Seletracetam reduced both the amplitude and repetitive firing of population spikes induced by a high K(+)/low Ca(2+) concentration(More)
The role of the synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A) protein, target of the antiepileptic drug levetiracetam, is still mostly unknown. Considering its potential to provide in vivo functional insights into the role of SV2A in epileptic patients, the development of an SV2A positron emission tomography (PET) tracer has been undertaken. Using a 3D pharmacophore(More)
INTRODUCTION Development of a selective and specific high affinity PET tracer, [(11)C]UCB-A, for the in vivo study of SV2A expression in humans. Radiochemistry and preclinical studies in rats and pigs including development of a tracer kinetic model to determine VT. A method for the measurement of percent intact tracer in plasma was developed and the(More)
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