Benoit M. Dawant

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The analysis of MR images is evolving from qualitative to quantitative. More and more, the question asked by clinicians is how much and where, rather than a simple statement on the presence or absence of abnormalities. The authors present a study in which the results obtained with a semiautomatic, multispectral segmentation technique are quantitatively(More)
This paper presents a comparison study between 10 automatic and six interactive methods for liver segmentation from contrast-enhanced CT images. It is based on results from the "MICCAI 2007 Grand Challenge" workshop, where 16 teams evaluated their algorithms on a common database. A collection of 20 clinical images with reference segmentations was provided(More)
PURPOSE The primary objective of this study is to perform a blinded evaluation of a group of retrospective image registration techniques using as a gold standard a prospective, marker-based registration method. To ensure blindedness, all retrospective registrations were performed by participants who had no knowledge of the gold standard results until after(More)
Nonrigid registration of medical images is important for a number of applications such as the creation of population averages, atlas-based segmentation, or geometric correction of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) images to name a few. In recent years, a number of methods have been proposed to solve this problem, one class of which involves(More)
A number of supervised and unsupervised pattern recognition techniques have been proposed in recent years for the segmentation and the quantitative analysis of MR images. However, the efficacy of these techniques is affected by acquisition artifacts such as inter-slice, intra-slice, and inter-patient intensity variations. Here a new approach to the(More)
BACKGROUND Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy may elucidate the molecular underpinnings of alcoholism-associated brain shrinkage and the progression of alcohol dependence. METHODS Using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, we determined absolute concentrations of -acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine/phosphocreatine (Cr), and choline (Cho)-containing(More)
This paper presents a review of methods and techniques that have been proposed for the segmentation of magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain, with a special emphasis on the segmentation of white matter lesions. First, artifacts affecting MR images (noise, partial volume effect, and shading artifact) are reviewed and methods that have been proposed to(More)
The study presented in this paper tests the hypothesis that the combination of a global similarity transformation and local free-form deformations can be used for the accurate segmentation of internal structures in MR images of the brain. To quantitatively evaluate our approach, the entire brain, the cerebellum, and the head of the caudate have been(More)
Compensating for intraoperative brain shift using computational models has shown promising results. Since computational time is an important factor during neurosurgery, a priori knowledge of the possible sources of deformation can increase the accuracy of model-updated image-guided systems. In this paper, a strategy to compensate for distributed loading(More)
The authors present a weighted geometrical feature (WGF) registration algorithm. Its efficacy is demonstrated by combining points and a surface. The technique is an extension of Besl and McKay's (1992) iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm. The authors use the WGF algorithm to register X-ray computed tomography (CT) and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR)(More)