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The analysis of MR images is evolving from qualitative to quantitative. More and more, the question asked by clinicians is how much and where, rather than a simple statement on the presence or absence of abnormalities. The authors present a study in which the results obtained with a semiautomatic, multispectral segmentation technique are quantitatively(More)
This paper presents a comparison study between 10 automatic and six interactive methods for liver segmentation from contrast-enhanced CT images. It is based on results from the "MICCAI 2007 Grand Challenge" workshop, where 16 teams evaluated their algorithms on a common database. A collection of 20 clinical images with reference segmentations was provided(More)
PURPOSE The primary objective of this study is to perform a blinded evaluation of a group of retrospective image registration techniques using as a gold standard a prospective, marker-based registration method. To ensure blindedness, all retrospective registrations were performed by participants who had no knowledge of the gold standard results until after(More)
Nonrigid registration of medical images is important for a number of applications such as the creation of population averages, atlas-based segmentation, or geometric correction of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) images to name a few. In recent years, a number of methods have been proposed to solve this problem, one class of which involves(More)
This paper presents a review of methods and techniques that have been proposed for the segmentation of magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain, with a special emphasis on the segmentation of white matter lesions. First, artifacts affecting MR images (noise, partial volume effect, and shading artifact) are reviewed and methods that have been proposed to(More)
The study presented in this paper tests the hypothesis that the combination of a global similarity transformation and local free-form deformations can be used for the accurate segmentation of internal structures in MR images of the brain. To quantitatively evaluate our approach, the entire brain, the cerebellum, and the head of the caudate have been(More)
This study examined D-amphetamine (D-AMPH)-induced displacements of [18F] fallypride in striatal and extrastriatal regions and the correlations of these displacements with cognition, affect, and sensation-seeking behavior. In all, 14 normal subjects, six females and eight males (ages 21-32, mean age 25.9 years), underwent positron emission tomography (PET)(More)
A number of supervised and unsupervised pattern recognition techniques have been proposed in recent years for the segmentation and the quantitative analysis of MR images. However, the efficacy of these techniques is affected by acquisition artifacts such as inter-slice, intra-slice, and inter-patient intensity variations. Here a new approach to the(More)
OBJECTIVE Liver surgery is difficult because of limited external landmarks, significant vascularity, and inexact definition of intra-hepatic anatomy. Intra-operative ultrasound (IOUS) has been widely used in an attempt to overcome these difficulties, but is limited by its two-dimensional nature, inter-user variability, and image obliteration with ablative(More)
HYPOTHESIS Using automated methods, vital anatomy of the middle ear can be identified in computed tomographic (CT) scans and used to create 3-dimensional (3D) renderings. BACKGROUND Although difficult to master, clinicians compile 2D data from CT scans to envision 3D anatomy. Computer programs exist that can render 3D surfaces but are limited in that ear(More)