Benoit I Giasson

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alpha-Synucleinopathies are neurodegenerative disorders that range pathologically from the demise of select groups of nuclei to pervasive degeneration throughout the neuraxis. Although mounting evidence suggests that alpha-synuclein lesions lead to neurodegeneration, this remains controversial. To explore this issue, we generated transgenic mice expressing(More)
Aggregated alpha-synuclein proteins form brain lesions that are hallmarks of neurodegenerative synucleinopathies, and oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of some of these disorders. Using antibodies to specific nitrated tyrosine residues in alpha-synuclein, we demonstrate extensive and widespread accumulations of nitrated(More)
Transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing human wild-type alpha-synuclein in oligodendrocytes under the control of the 2,' 3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNP) promoter are shown here to recapitulate features of multiple system atrophy (MSA), including the accumulation of filamentous human alpha-synuclein aggregates in oligodendrocytes linked to their(More)
Neuronal and oligodendrocytic aggregates of fibrillar alpha-synuclein define several diseases of the nervous system. It is likely that these inclusions impair vital metabolic processes and compromise viability of affected cells. Here, we report that a 12-amino acid stretch ((71)VTGVTAVAQKTV(82)) in the middle of the hydrophobic domain of human(More)
Alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) and tau polymerize into amyloid fibrils and form intraneuronal filamentous inclusions characteristic of neurodegenerative diseases. We demonstrate that alpha-syn induces fibrillization of tau and that coincubation of tau and alpha-syn synergistically promotes fibrillization of both proteins. The in vivo relevance of these(More)
Recently, alpha-synuclein was shown to be a structural component of the filaments in Lewy bodies (LBs) of Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with LBs (DLB) as well as the LB variant of Alzheimer's disease, and this suggests that alpha-synuclein could play a mechanistic role in the pathogenesis of these disorders. To determine whether alpha-synuclein is a(More)
alpha-Synuclein (alpha-syn) is the major component of pathologic inclusions that characterize neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson disease, dementia with Lewy body disease, and multiple system atrophy. The present study uses novel phospho-specific antibodies to assess the presence and regulation of phosphorylated Ser87 and Ser129 in alpha-syn in(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) fibrillization is inhibited by dopamine, and studies to understand the molecular basis of this process were conducted (Conway, K. A., Rochet, J. C., Bieganski, R. M., and Lansbury, P. T., Jr. (2001) Science 294, 1346-1349). Dopamine inhibition of alpha-syn fibrillization generated exclusively(More)
Intracytoplasmic inclusions composed of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) are characteristic of neurodegenerative Lewy body disorders. Using novel monoclonal antibodies raised against altered alpha-syn, we uncovered an unprecedented and extensive burden of alpha-syn pathology in the striatum of Lewy body disorders. The highest density of striatal pathology was(More)
The pathological modifications of alpha-synuclein (alphaS) in Parkinson disease and related diseases are poorly understood. We have detected misfolded alphaS in situ based on the proteinase K resistance (PK resistance) of alphaS fibrils, and using specific antibodies against S129-phosphorylated alphaS as well as oxidized alphaS. Unexpectedly massive(More)