Benoit Herman

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To further delineate indications for noninvasive pressure support ventilation (NIPSV), we proposed this noninvasive technique as an alternative to endotracheal intubation in 17 consecutive patients with acute respiratory failure from various causes. Eight patients (47 percent) were successfully ventilated with NIPSV, while in 9 (53 percent), NIPSV failed.(More)
We investigated the incidence, risk factors for, and outcome of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We compared 134 patients with ARDS with 744 patients without ARDS on mechanical ventilation. Fiberoptic bronchoscopic examination and quantitative bacterial cultures (protected brush or catheter(More)
By means of a case-control study conducted between October 1, 1978, and July 31, 1981, in Tilburg, The Netherlands, various characteristics and events, including personal data, health-related behavior, and medical history, were evaluated as risk factors for stroke. The study subjects included 132 stroke patients and 239 age- and sex-matched control patients(More)
The results of a prospective population study of stroke in Tilburg are reported. The average annual over-all incidence (per 100,000 population) for the period October 1, 1978-September 30, 1980 was 174 for total cases, 145 for first-ever cases. Males and older persons were at greater risk for a stroke. The vast majority of strokes were thrombo-embolic(More)
Classically, duration of infusion was thought to increase the rate of contamination by catheters. The results of this study show that this is not true and that, to the contrary, there is a definite difference in contamination rates between the basilic and the jugular and subclavian veins. The advantage of the basilic way which exists whatever the pathologic(More)
Design a compact, ergonomic, and safe endoscope positioner dedicated to the sino-nasal tract, and the anterior and middle-stage skull base. A motion and force analysis of the surgeon’s movement was performed on cadaver heads to gather objective data for specification purposes. An experimental comparative study was then performed with three different(More)
We present the methodology and some preliminary findings of a population-based stroke incidence register operating in Tilburg (about 150,000 persons), The Netherlands. From October 1, 1978 to March 31, 1979, 152 new strokes occurred giving an estimated overall incidence (per 100,000 population) for total and first attacks of 202 and 162, respectively. No(More)
BACKGROUND Manual manipulation of the camera is a major source of difficulties encountered by surgeons while performing minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery. METHODS A survey of laparoscopic procedures and a review of existing active and passive holders were conducted. Based on these analyses, essential requirements were highlighted for such devices.(More)