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Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have been identified in humans and mice as a population of immature myeloid cells with the ability to suppress T cell activation. They accumulate in tumor-bearing mice and humans and have been shown to contribute to cancer development. Here, we have isolated tumor-derived exosomes (TDEs) from mouse cell lines and(More)
The cell surface antigen, epithelial glycoprotein, defined by the monoclonal antibody HEA 125, is expressed on virtually all epithelial cell membranes but not on mesodermal or neural cell membranes. The cDNA encoding epithelial glycoprotein was isolated by HEA 125 antibody enrichment of colon tumor cDNA expressed transiently in COS cells. The sequence of(More)
The direct vasoactive effects of native and oxidatively modified low density lipoproteins as well as their effects on endothelium-dependent relaxations to 5-hydroxytryptamine were studied in isolated rings of pig right coronary artery. Slowly developing contractions were caused by native low density lipoproteins (100 micrograms protein/ml). The contractions(More)
Gastrin is transiently expressed in fetal islets during a critical period of their development from protodifferentiated islet precursors in fetal pancreatic ducts. To examine the possible role of gastrin as an islet cell growth factor, postnatal islet growth was studied in transgenic mice which overexpress gastrin and TGF alpha in their pancreas.(More)
Chemotherapeutic agents are widely used for cancer treatment. In addition to their direct cytotoxic effects, these agents harness the host's immune system, which contributes to their antitumor activity. Here we show that two clinically used chemotherapeutic agents, gemcitabine (Gem) and 5-fluorouracil (5FU), activate the NOD-like receptor family, pyrin(More)
Neuropilins, initially characterized as neuronal receptors, act as co-receptors for cancer related growth factors and were recently involved in several signaling pathways leading to cytoskeletal organization, angiogenesis and cancer progression. Then, we sought to investigate the ability of neuropilin-2 to orchestrate epithelial-mesenchymal transition in(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoproteins (LDL), which may play an important role in atherogenesis, inhibit endothelium-dependent relaxations of normal arteries in vitro. The effects of probucol, an inhibitor of LDL oxidation, on endothelium-dependent relaxations in thoracic aorta of rabbits that received a cholesterol-rich (0.5%) or standard diet for 10 weeks were(More)
Many human tumors, particularly those of epithelial origin, appear to express greatly reduced levels of major histocompatibility complex class I antigens on their surface. It has been previously reported that the class I gene H-2Ld, introduced into adenovirus type 12-transformed mouse cells, induces reversal of oncogenesis in immunocompetent BALB/c mice. We(More)