Benoît Porée

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Type II collagen is composed of alpha1(II) chains encoded by the COL2A1 gene. Alteration of this cartilage marker is a common feature of osteoarthritis. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that needs a soluble form of receptor called sIL-6R to exert its effects in some cellular models. In that case, sIL-6R exerts agonistic action. This(More)
Chondrocyte glycosaminoglycan (GAG) synthesis is regulated by the availability of UDP-glucuronate, the substrate of glucuronosyl transferases which form the GAG chains in proteoglycans and hyaluronan. UDP-glucose dehydrogenase (UDPGD) is therefore a key enzyme in the synthesis of UDP-glucuronate from glucose. However, the mechanisms regulating its(More)
Type II collagen is a marker of articular cartilage encoded by the COL2A1 gene. The nature of the trans factors involved in the upregulation of this gene by insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) remains unclear. We found that IGF-I increased type II collagen synthesis by a transcriptional control mechanism involving a 715-bp region within the COL2A1(More)
Transcriptional mechanisms regulating type I collagen genes expression in physiopathological situations are not completely known. In this study, we have investigated the role of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcription factor on type I collagen expression in adult normal human (ANF) and scleroderma (SF) fibroblasts. We demonstrated that NF-κB, a master(More)
The existence of a link between estrogen deprivation and osteoarthritis (OA) in postmenopausal women suggests that 17β-estradiol (17β-E2) may be a modulator of cartilage homeostasis. Here, we demonstrate that 17β-E2 stimulates, via its receptor human estrogen receptor α 66 (hERα66), type II collagen expression in differentiated and dedifferentiated(More)
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