Benoît Giannesini

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Muscle fatigue, which is defined as the decline in muscle performance during exercise, may occur at different sites along the pathway from the central nervous system through to the intramuscular contractile machinery. Historically, both impairment of neuromuscular transmission and peripheral alterations within the muscle have been proposed as causative(More)
Insulin resistance, altered lipid metabolism and mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle would play a major role in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) development, but the causal relationships between these events remain conflicting. To clarify this issue, gastrocnemius muscle function and energetics were investigated throughout a multidisciplinary(More)
Triadin is a multiple proteins family, some isoforms being involved in muscle excitation-contraction coupling, and some having still unknown functions. To obtain clues on triadin functions, we engineered a triadin knock-out mouse line and characterized the physiological effect of triadin ablation on skeletal muscle function. These mice presented a reduced(More)
Objectives:The involvement of skeletal muscle mitochondrial uncoupling protein-3 (UCP3) in the control of energy expenditure in skeletal muscle and at the whole-body level is still a matter of debate. We previously reported that UCP3 downregulation is linked to an enhanced mitochondrial energy metabolism in rat skeletal muscle as a result of acute capsiate(More)
The relationship of inorganic phosphate (P(i)) and its diprotonated form (H(2)PO(4)(-)) to isometric force (F) was analyzed non-invasively using 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Rat gastrocnemius muscles were electrically stimulated at six different frequencies in order to produce different levels of fatigue. A curvilinear relationship was demonstrated(More)
Net phosphocreatine (PCr) resynthesis during muscle contraction is a paradoxical phenomenon because it occurs under conditions of high energy demand. The metabolic underpinnings of this phenomenon were analyzed non-invasively using 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy in rat gastrocnemius muscle (n=11) electrically stimulated (7.6 Hz, 6 min duration) in situ(More)
1. We tested whether the reduction in ATP cost of contraction during in vivo stimulation of rat gastrocnemius muscle was related to fatigue level. 2. Muscles (n = 44) were electrically stimulated to perform 6 min repeated isometric contractions at different frequencies; one non-fatiguing protocol (stimulation at 0.8 Hz) and five fatiguing protocols (2, 3.2,(More)
Traditional setups for in situ MR investigation of skeletal muscle function in animals use invasive systems for muscle stimulation and force measurement. These systems require surgical preparation and therefore exclude repetitive investigations on the same animal. This article describes a new experimental setup allowing strictly noninvasive MR(More)
Prospective studies reported an inverse correlation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] plasma levels and prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes. In addition, 25(OH)D status may be a determinant of obesity onset. However, the causality between these observations is not yet established. We studied the preventive effect of vitamin D3 (VD3)(More)
We have investigated the effects of stimulation frequency and pulse duration on fatigue and energy metabolism in rat gastrocnemius muscle during a single bout of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES). Electrical pulses were delivered at 100 Hz (1-ms pulse duration) and 20 Hz (5-ms pulse duration) for the high (HF) and low (LF) frequency protocols,(More)