Benoît Gassilloud

Learn More
The microbiological quality of water is currently assessed by search for fecal bacteria indicators. There is, however, a body of knowledge demonstrating that bacterial indicators are less resistant to environmental factors than human pathogenic viruses and therefore underestimate the viral risk. As river water is often used as a resource for drinking water(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of pathogenic viruses in the Moselle River and to compare the usefulness of thermotolerant coliforms and somatic coliphages as tools for river water quality assessment in terms of viral contamination. Thermotolerant coliforms and somatic coliphages were enumerated by standardized methods in 170 samples of(More)
Viral inactivation and adhesion-aggregation in water are often studied as separate phenomena. When the focus is placed on viral adhesion-aggregation, inactivation is neglected because the phenomena under investigation occur over a short period measured in days. When viral inactivation is studied, adhesion-aggregation phenomena are considered to be(More)
On 24 August 2008, an outbreak alert regarding cases of acute gastroenteritis in Podgorica triggered investigations to guide control measures. From 23 August to 7 September, 1699 cases were reported in Podgorica (population 136 000) and we estimated the total size of the outbreak to be 10 000-15 000 corresponding to an attack rate of approximately 10%. We(More)
Investigations of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in samples of drinking water suspected of being at the origin of an outbreak very often lead to negative results. One of the reasons for this failure is the small volume of water typically used for detecting these pathogens (10 to 1,000 ml). The efficiencies of three microfilters and different(More)
Appropriate interpretation of a positive reverse transcription-PCR is an important issue for virus-related health hazard assessment because viral genomes and infectious viruses exhibit different behavior patterns in water. In this context, using Poliovirus 1 and Feline calicivirus f9 as examples of enteric viruses, first we demonstrated that the stability(More)
The aim of this work was to determine the recovery rate of feline calicivirus (FCV-F9) infectious particles and genome from water after a concentration step using either adsorption elution on glass wool or filtration through an electropositive membrane. The results showed that the membrane filtration technique allowed a 75% recovery rate of FCV-F9(More)
Several protocols have been described for the detection of genomes of enteric viruses from water using two-step procedures: membrane filtration and RT-PCR detection. However, these methods, when applied to bottled water, generally consider only the aqueous phase. Such procedures do not take into account the adhesion of viruses onto the hydrophobic(More)
This study aims to establish a straightforward and original workflow for high-throughput typing of human adenoviruses (HAdVs) in environmental samples. Occurrence of HAdVs in water is well documented worldwide, but data on diversity of HAdV types circulating in water are scarcely available. Here, the characterisation of viral particles was performed by(More)
The importance of the role of environment in the dissemination of antimicrobial resistant bacteria is now well recognized. Thus, bacterial indicators to monitor the phenomena are required. The Aeromonas genus is autochthonous in the aquatic environment and easy to detect in any water type, such as freshwater, or wastewater. These microorganisms are also(More)