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Polyethylenimines (PEIs) are among the most efficient synthetic DNA carriers. High levels of reporter gene expression can be obtained with these agents on a variety of cells. Nevertheless, the gap between their efficiency and that required for therapeutic approaches is still important. With the aim to improve the in vivo transfection properties of PEIs, we(More)
We have synthesized a novel conjugate (Man(4)K(3)DOG) composed of a tetramannosyl head group connected, via a polyethylene glycol spacer, to a lipid moiety. This amphiphilic molecule was easily incorporated into the bilayers of liposomes. As expected from the clustering effect, such multivalent mannose residues when exposed on the surface of the vesicles(More)
An efficient and convenient chemoselective conjugation method based on "click chemistry" was developed for coupling ligands to the surface of preformed liposomes. It can be performed under mild conditions in aqueous buffers; the use of a water soluble Cu(I) chelator, such as bathophenanthrolinedisulfonate, was essential to obtain good yields in reasonable(More)
We describe the synthesis of [2-[2-[2-[(2-bromoacetyl)amino]ethoxy]ethoxy]ethoxy acetic acid (7), [2-[2-(2,5-dioxo-2,5-dihydropyrrol-1-yl)ethoxy]ethoxy] acetic acid (11), and [2-[2-(pyridin-2-yldisulfanyl)-ethoxy]ethoxy] acetic acid (16), three new thiol-reactive heterobifunctional reagents, and the preparation of their corresponding(More)
Immunotherapy aiming at enhancing innate and acquired host immunity is a promising approach for cancer treatment. The invariant NKT (iNKT) cell ligand α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer) holds great promise in cancer therapy, although several concerns limit its use in clinics, including the uncontrolled response it promotes when delivered in a nonvectorized(More)
Adhesion of bacteria at the surface of implanted materials is the first step in microbial infection, leading to post-surgical complications. In order to reduce this adhesion, we show that poly(L-lysine)/poly(L-glutamic acid) (PLL/PGA) multilayers ending by several PLL/PGA-g-PEG bilayers can be used, PGA-g-PEG corresponding to PGA grafted by poly(ethylene(More)
Mechanical properties of model and natural gels have recently been demonstrated to play an important role in various cellular processes such as adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation, besides events triggered by chemical ligands. Understanding the biomaterial/cell interface is particularly important in many tissue engineering applications and in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether miR-20a belonging to the cluster miR-17-92 is a negative regulator of inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) by modulating expression of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase (ASK) 1, a key component of the toll-like receptors 4 pathway, upstream of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. (More)
PURPOSE Common oligosaccharides of cellular glycoconjugates are ligands for more than one type of endogenous lectin. Overlapping specificities to beta-galactosides of C-type lectins and galectins can reduce target selectivity of carbohydrate-ligand-dependent drug targeting. The purpose of this study is to explore distinct features of ligand presentation and(More)
We have designed chemically defined diepitope constructs consisting of liposomes displaying at their surface synthetic oligosaccharides mimicking the O-antigen of the Shigella flexneri 2a lipopolysaccharide (B-cell epitope) and influenza hemagglutinin peptide HA 307-319 (Th epitope). Using well controlled and high-yielding covalent bioconjugation reactions,(More)