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In this paper, we propose a set of new generic automated processing tools to characterise the local asymmetries of anatomical structures (represented by surfaces) at an individual level, and within/between populations. The building bricks of this toolbox are: (1) a new algorithm for robust, accurate, and fast estimation of the symmetry plane of grossly… (More)

In this paper, the problem of estimating automatically the symmetry plane of bilateral objects (having perfect or imperfect mirror symmetry) in point clouds is reexamined. Classical methods, mostly based on the ICP algorithm, are shown to be limited and complicated by an inappropriate parameterization of the problem. First, we show how an adequate… (More)

In this paper, we present a new algorithm for non-linear registration of point sets. We estimate both forward and backward deformations fields best superposing the two point sets of interest and we make sure that they are consistent with each other by designing a symmetric cost function where they are coupled. Regularisation terms are included in this cost… (More)

- Marc Fournier, Benoît Combès, Neil Roberts, Simon S. Keller, Tim J. Crow, William D. Hopkins +1 other
- ISBI
- 2011

In this paper we use humans and chimpanzees brain MRI databases to develop methods for evaluating global brain asymmetries. We perform brain segmentation and hemispheric surface extraction on both populations. The human brain segmentation pipeline is adapted to chimpanzees in order to obtain results of good quality. To alleviate the problems due to cortical… (More)

In this paper, we show that several well-known nonlinear surface registration algorithms can be put in an ICP-like framework, and thus boil down to the successive estimation of point-to-point correspondences and of a transformation between the two surfaces. We propose to enrich the ICP-like criterion with additional constraints and show that it is possible… (More)

In this paper, we propose a new approach to compute the mean shape of unstructured, unlabelled point sets with an arbitrary number of points. This approach can be seen as an extension of the EM-ICP algorithm, where the fuzzy correspondences between each point set and the mean shape, the optimal non-linear transformations superposing them, and the mean shape… (More)

We show that a simple probabilistic modelling of the registration problem for surfaces allows to solve it by using standard clustering techniques. In this framework, point-to-point correspondences are hypothesized between the two free-form surfaces, and we show how to specify priors and to enforce global constraints on these matches with only minor changes… (More)

We present a method to automatically quantify the local asymmetries of bilateral structures in point clouds. The method relies on the robust computation of the approximate symmetry plane of the object under study. This plane is defined as the minimiser of a criterion , based on a M-estimator and devised to reduce the influence of asymmetrical features of… (More)

Paleoneurology is an important research field for studies of human evolution. Variations in the size and shape of the endocranium are a useful means of distinguishing between different hominin species, while brain asymmetry is related to behaviour and cognitive capacities. The evolution of the hominin brain is well documented and substantial literature has… (More)