Benoît Charlot

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As stable fabrication processes for MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) emerge, research efforts shift towards the design of systems of increasing complexity. The ways in which testing is going to be performed for large volume complex devices embedding MEMS are not known. As in the microelectronics industry, the development of cost-effective tests for(More)
A major task for the implementation of Built-In-Self-Test (BIST) strategies for MEMS is the generation of the test stimuli. These devices can work in different energy domains and are thus designed to sense signals which are generally not electrical. In this work, we describe, for different types of MEMS, how the required non-electrical test stimuli can be(More)
We present in this paper a novel tactile fingerprint sensor composed by a single row of microbeams realized by the way of front side bulk micromachining from a standard CMOS circuit. When the user passes his finger on the sensor, the ridges and the valleys that compose the fingerprint induce deflections in the different microbeams. Using a piezoresistive(More)
In the present study, we analyzed the capacity of seven strains of mice to produce Abs against the neutralization poliovirus C3 B cell epitope, chemically or genetically linked to two different carrier proteins (MalE and keyhole limpet hemocyanin) or to recombinant hepatitis B surface Ag particles. Following immunization with these different immunogens, all(More)
The use of universally immunogenic T cell epitopes, such as those identified in tetanus toxin or malaria circumsporozoite protein, could represent a major improvement in the development of synthetic vaccines. However, one limitation of this approach is the lack of T cell cross-reactivity between the vaccine and the pathogen. To determine whether the memory(More)
A major problem for applying self-test techniques to MEMS is the multi-domain nature of the sensing parts that require special test equipment for stimuli generation. In this work we describe, for three different types of MEMS that work in different energy domains, how the required non-electrical test stimuli can be induced onchip by means of electrical(More)
This paper reports recent advances in the development of a tactile fingerprint sensor made by a CMOS compatible front side bulk micromachining technology. This device enables the measurement of a fingerprint by the way of a mechanical scanning principle of the finger roughness. While this sensing principle has shown good results on a first prototype of(More)
The treatment of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) failures remains a current clinical challenge. The present study aims at providing suitable degradable scaffolds for ligament tissue engineering. First, we focus on the design and the evaluation of poly(lactide)/poloxamer or poly(lactide)/poloxamine multiblock copolymers selected and developed to have(More)
B cells have been shown to present antigen to T cells very efficiently through their capacity to capture antigens by their membrane immunoglobulin. This direct cognate interaction of T and B cells results in the proliferation and differentiation of B cells. This concept has been established using soluble proteins. However, most of the antigens to which the(More)
Infrastructures to provide access to custom integrated hardware manufacturing facilities are important because they allow Students and Researchers to access professional facilities at a reasonable cost, and they allow Companies to access small volume production, otherwise difficult to obtain directly from manufacturers. This paper is reviewing the most(More)