Benoît Caldairou

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The Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) algorithm is a widely used and flexible approach to automated image segmentation, especially in the field of brain tissue segmentation from 3D MRI, where it addresses the problem of partial volume effects. In order to improve its robustness to classical image deterioration, namely noise and bias field artifacts, which arise in the(More)
OBJECTIVES The significance of hippocampal sleep spindles and their relation to epileptic activity is still a matter of controversy. Hippocampal spindles have been considered a physiological phenomenon, an evoked response to afferent epileptic discharges, or even the expression of an epileptic manifestation. To address this question, we investigated the(More)
We propose a multispectral MRI-based clinical decision support approach to carry out automated seizure focus lateralization in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Based on high-resolution T1- and T2-weighted MRI with hippocampal subfield segmentations, our approach samples MRI features along the medial sheet of each subfield to minimize partial(More)
Accurate tissue classification is a crucial prerequisite to MRI morphometry. Automated methods based on intensity histograms constructed from the entire volume are challenged by regional intensity variations due to local radiofrequency artifacts as well as disparities in tissue composition, laminar architecture and folding patterns. Current work proposes a(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize in vivo MRI signatures of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type IIA and type IIB through combined analysis of morphology, intensity, microstructure, and function. METHODS We carried out a multimodal 3T MRI profiling of 33 histologically proven FCD type IIA (9) and IIB (24) lesions. A multisurface approach operating on manual(More)