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The estimation of an external exposure to formaldehyde in tobacco smoke requires a reliable analytical method. The gas chromatographic determination of formaldehyde shows in comparison to photometric methods a higher sensitivity and specificity. In the main stream smoke of various kinds of cigarettes the amount of formaldehyde vary between 3.4 micrograms to(More)
The results of formaldehyde determinations in the air at various workplaces in the period 1980-1988 are presented. The airborne concentrations varied between less than 0.01 and 10.9 mg m-3 (mean 0.7 mg m-3). For ambient air monitoring, active sampling and capillary gas chromatography are reliable and sensitive methods. Formic acid excretion in urine is an(More)
The main objective of this study was to perform a biomechanical analysis of three different sprint start patterns to determine the safest position in term of neck injury and Sport-Related Concussion (SRC). The second objective was to collect data on the learning process effect between football players and non-players. Three different sprint initial(More)
BACKGROUND To date, segmental data analyzing kinematics of occipital condylar testing or mobilization is lacking. OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to assess occipitoatlantal 3D motion components and to analyze inter- and intra-rater reliability during in vitro condylar glide test. METHODS To conduct this study, four fresh cadavers were(More)
Several clinical applications rely on accurate guiding information when drilling along the femoral neck (e.g., pin insertion in case of neck fracture). Currently, applications rely on real-time X-ray imaging, which results in irradiation issues for the surgeon conducting the operation. The goal of this paper was to develop an X-ray-free method that would(More)
To date, kinematics data analyzing continuous 3D motion of upper cervical spine (UCS) manipulation is lacking. This in vitro study aims at investigating inter- and intra-operator reliability of kinematics during high velocity low amplitude manipulation of the UCS. Three fresh specimens were used. Restricted dissection was realized to attach technical(More)
BACKGROUND The costovertebral joint complex is mechanically involved in both respiratory function and thoracic spine stability. The thorax has been studied for a long time to understand its involvement in the physiological mechanism leading to specific gas exchange. Few studies have focused on costovertebral joint complex kinematics, and most of them(More)
The literature concerning quantification of costovertebral joint (CVJ) motion under in vivo conditions is scarce. Most papers concerning this topic are related to ex vivo loading conditions. In vivo protocols are available from the literature to determine rib and vertebra kinematics but new developments are needed to improve data processing concerning CVJ(More)
BACKGROUND Semitendinosus and gracilis muscles whose tendons are used in surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament maintain their contractile ability, and a limited decrease of hamstring muscles force is observed postoperatively despite important changes. The goal was to quantify the influence of the myofascial structures on excursions and(More)
This study analyses rib geometric parameters of individual ribs of 14 modern human subjects (7 males and 7 females) in comparison to the reconstructed ribs of the Kebara 2 skeleton which was taken from the reconstruction of a Neandertal thorax by Sawyer & Maley (2005). Three-dimensional (3D) models were segmented from CT scans and each rib vertex cloud was(More)