Benoît Barrou

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BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are at risk of developing renal tumours. OBJECTIVE Compare clinical, pathologic, and outcome features of renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) in ESRD patients and in patients from the general population. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Twenty-four French university departments of urology participated in(More)
This study was conducted in prostate cancer patients in biochemical relapse after radical prostatectomy, to assess the feasibility, safety, and immunogenicity of therapeutic vaccination with autologous dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with human recombinant prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (Dendritophage-rPSA). Twenty-four patients with histologically proven(More)
Cytotoxic chemotherapy is ineffective in metastatic renal cancer. However, systemic administration of interleukin 2 (IL-2) or infusion of dendritic cells (DCs) loaded with tumor extracts can lead to some response rates with concomitant survival improvements. We report the results of a phase I-II pilot study combining DCs and IL-2 where six patients were(More)
AIMS The use of tacrolimus is complicated by its narrow therapeutic index and wide intra- and interpatient variability. Tacrolimus population pharmacokinetics, including bioavailability, were investigated in an adult kidney transplant cohort to identify patient characteristics that influence pharmacokinetics. METHODS The database (drug monitoring data)(More)
BACKGROUND Renal transplantation triggers an early bone loss that increases the subsequent risk of osteoporosis and fractures. Little is known about the long-term outcome of bone status and fracture prevalence several years after transplantation. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional evaluation of bone status to find out the frequency and predictors of(More)
Although the mouse spleen dendritic cell (DC) is perhaps the most intensively studied DC type, little has been published concerning its human equivalent. In this report, rare event flow cytometry and in situ immunofluorescence were used to study the surface phenotype and distribution of HLA-DR(+) CD3(-)14(-)16(-)19(-) human spleen DC. Spleens from organ(More)
The organ shortage has led to extend the procurement to kidneys from 'marginal' donors. As a result, an increasing number of kidneys are discarded, but an extended analysis of the validity of the clinical decision to accept or decline a marginal graft remains to be determined. We have retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 170 kidney transplantations,(More)
BACKGROUND There have been few prospective studies on the natural history of nonadherence (NA) in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) over time. The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate the rate of and risk factors for NA in a French cohort of KTRs. METHOD A total of 312 KTRs from eight French transplantation centers were included in this(More)
As patients with end-stage renal disease are receiving renal allografts at older ages, the number of male renal transplant recipients (RTRs) being diagnosed with prostate cancer (CaP) is increasing. Historically, the literature regarding the management of CaP in RTR's is limited to case reports and small case series. To date, there are no standardized(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of acute antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is based on a combination of plasma exchange (PE), IVIg, corticosteroids (CS), and rituximab, but the place of rituximab is not clearly specified in the absence of randomized trials. METHODS In this phase III, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned patients(More)