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The in vivo mechanisms underlying the actions of modulating Na(+)- and Ca(2+)-sensitive channels and its effect on basal histamine release in the cerebral cortex of freely-moving unanesthetized rats was investigated. Basal histamine release in the cerebral cortex was determined by in vivo microdialysis coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the pathway(s) by which ethanol activates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling and to determine the role of Ca2+ in the signaling process. MAPK signaling was determined by assessing MAPK activity, measuring phosphorylated extracellular signaling-regulated kinase (pp 44 ERK-1 and pp 42 ERK-2) expression and(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is frequently used in various industrial applications and is a ubiquitous environmental toxicant, also present in tobacco smoke. An important route of exposure is the circulatory system whereas blood vessels are considered to be main stream organs of Cd toxicity. Our previous results indicate that cadmium chloride (CdCl2) affects mean arterial(More)
Histamine (HA) is one of many neurotransmitters that have been implicated in cardiovascular functioning. Alterations in vascular smooth muscle due to the effects of histamine have been suggested. We investigated the modulatory effect of HA on mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) expression, specifically extracellular regulating kinase (ERK) 1 & 2 in(More)
Aqueous extracts of Mareya micrantha are used as folk medicine in West Africa. However, no systemic investigation directed to the identification of the active ingredients in M. micrantha has been done. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of M. micrantha on the cardiac contractility of the isolated frog heart. Also, two sequential fractions from(More)
Protein Kinase C (PKC) exists as one of twelve serine/threonine isoforms and has been found to mediate ethanol-induced activation of the Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) pathway. The aim of this study was to determine the PKC isoform(s) that are mediators of ethanol-induced MAPK activity (ERK 1 and 2) and to verify the necessity of calcium in this(More)
We have shown that chronic treatment with carteolol, a non-selective β-adrenergic receptor antagonist, improved left ventricular (LV) function and survival in an avian model of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The aim of the present study was to compare ex vivo heart function with and without β-agonist and antagonist challenge. We investigated whether(More)
In order to investigate the effects of transportation stress on metabolic activities, we measured the changes in plasma lipoprotein and catecholamine levels in those rats that had just arrived in our Animal Facility and age-matched rats which had acclimatized in the Facility for at least 21 days. The acclimatized rats were considered as control, and the(More)
Specific binding of [3H]-N-alpha-methylhistamine to homogenates from cerebral cortex tissue was analyzed in aged Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and Spontaneously Hypertensive rats (SHR). Scatchard plot analysis of [3H]-N-alpha-methylhistamine binding of the H3 receptor in the cerebral cortex from aged (6, 9, 12, and 16 week) SHR animals indicated that Bmax increased,(More)
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