Learn More
Focal adhesions (FAs) regulate cell migration. Vinculin, with its many potential binding partners, can interconnect signals in FAs. Despite the well-characterized structure of vinculin, the molecular mechanisms underlying its action have remained unclear. Here, using vinculin mutants, we separate the vinculin head and tail regions into distinct functional(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoclasts are bone-degrading cells, which play a central role in physiological bone remodeling. Unbalanced osteoclast activity is largely responsible for pathological conditions such as osteoporosis. Osteoclasts develop specialized adhesion structures, the so-called podosomes, which subsequently undergo dramatic reorganization into sealing(More)
The 25-kD inhibitor of actin polymerization (25-kD IAP), isolated from turkey smooth muscle (Miron, T., M. Wilchek, and B. Geiger, 1988. Eur. J. Biochem. 178:543-553), is shown here to be a low molecular mass heat shock protein (HSP). Direct sequence analysis of the purified protein, as well as cloning and sequencing of the respective cDNA, disclosed a high(More)
Actin, keratin, vinculin and desmoplakin organization were studied in primary mouse keratinocytes before and during Ca2+-induced cell contact formation. Double-label fluorescence shows that in cells cultured in low Ca2+ medium, keratin-containing intermediate filament bundles (IFB) and desmoplakin-containing spots are both concentrated towards the cell(More)
In this article we discuss three aspects of cell contact formation: (a) the molecular architecture of the cytomatrix in cell-to-substrate focal contacts, (b) the dynamic properties of membrane- and microfilament-associated proteins in the contact areas, and (c) the involvement of microtubules in the coordinated and directed formation of new substrate(More)
Specific binding (conjugation) of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) to target cells (TC) is the first step in a multistage process ultimately resulting in dissolution of the TC and recycling of the CTL. We examined the position of the microtubule organizing center (MTOC) of immune CTL bound to specific TC. Immunofluorescence labeling of freshly prepared CTL-TC(More)
We report here on the purification and characterization of a new 25-kDa inhibitor of actin polymerization from turkey gizzard smooth muscle. The protein was purified by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and hydroxyapatite, as well as by affinity chromatography on an immobilized-antibody column. The purified polypeptide reduced the low-shear viscosity of(More)
An immunological approach, based on both antigen binding tests and radioimmunoassay, has been used for the comparative study of ferredoxin from Halobacterium of the Dead Sea and ferredoxins from a variety of sources. The halophilic ferredoxin was not cross-reactive with the plant, and the mammalian ferredoxins tested. On the other hand, it exhibited up to(More)
  • 1