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The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI) is a 20-item self-report instrument designed to measure fatigue. It covers the following dimensions: General Fatigue, Physical Fatigue, Mental Fatigue, Reduced Motivation and Reduced Activity. This new instrument was tested for its psychometric properties in cancer patients receiving radiotherapy, patients with(More)
The primary auditory “cortex”, field L, of the Guinea fowl is a three layer tonotopically organized structure. Isofrequency planes as shown with the 2-deoxyglucose (2 DG) method cut across these layers and with their second dimension extend in rostro-caudal direction. The input layer L2 exhibits “spontaneous” labeling due to high spontaneous activity of(More)
We have compared three measurements of anxiety to determine their equivalence in assessing anxiety before surgery. Forty-four patients awaiting breast cancer surgery completed the state scale of the state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI), the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HAD) and a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS). Analysis restricted to(More)
BACKGROUND Experiences of awareness and recall during general anesthesia can be most distressing for patients. To obtain relevant information, the authors systematically interviewed patients in whom awareness during surgery had occurred, and questioned them about their experiences. METHODS Twenty-six patients, referred by colleagues, described the facts(More)
The auditory pathway of the Guinea Fowl was labeled with [C14]2-deoxy-D-glucose after stimulation with pure tones, harmonic tones and species-specific calls. In addition to other auditory nuclei, which showed more or less uniform labeling with the present technique, the n. mesencephalicus lateralis dorsalis (MLD) of the midbrain, as well as field L and(More)
Questionnaires that are used in studies with severely patients should be as short as possible. Abridged versions of existing inventories are very practical in these instances. The answers of 444 subjects in three samples (cancer patients, medical students, surgical patients) were used to investigate the possibility of constructing short and reliable(More)
Twenty neurologists were asked to judge a number of plantar responses on film. Each film was preceded by a slide with a fictitious abstract of history and examination (minus the plantar reflex). The main part of the presentation only served to disguise the fact that two films, both showing equivocal toe movements, were presented twice at the same sitting,(More)
BACKGROUND Awareness during anesthesia is foremost assessed with postoperative interviews, which may underestimate its incidence. On-line monitors such as the Bispectral Index and patient response to verbal command are not necessarily commonly used. This study investigated response to command during deep sedation (Bispectral Index 60-70) and the ability of(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess whether healthcare professionals correctly incorporate the relevance of a favourable test outcome in a close relative when determining the level of risk for individuals at risk for Huntington's disease. DESIGN AND SETTING Survey of clinical geneticists and genetic counsellors from 12 centres of clinical genetics (United Kingdom, 6;(More)
Previous studies have shown that with important decisions, unconscious thought has surprisingly led to better choices than conscious thought. The present study challenges this so-called 'deliberation-without-attention effect' in the medical domain. In a computerized study, physicians and medical students were asked, after either conscious or unconscious(More)