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The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI) is a 20-item self-report instrument designed to measure fatigue. It covers the following dimensions: General Fatigue, Physical Fatigue, Mental Fatigue, Reduced Motivation and Reduced Activity. This new instrument was tested for its psychometric properties in cancer patients receiving radiotherapy, patients with(More)
Injection of tritiated leucine and proline into the nucleus ovoidalis of the Guinea Fowl (Numida meleagris) produces terminal labeling in the palaeostriatum and in three adjacent zones (field L1-L3) of the auditory neostriatum (AN). L2, situated between L1 and L3, receives the main input and corresponds to the former field L of Rose. These neuroanatomically(More)
This study was designed to confirm the effect of therapeutic intraoperative auditory suggestion on recovery from anesthesia, to establish the effect of preoperative suggestion, and to assess implicit memory for intraoperative information using an indirect memory task. Sixty consenting unpremedicated patients scheduled for elective gynecologic surgery were(More)
The auditory pathway of the Guinea Fowl was labeled with [C14]2-deoxy-D-glucose after stimulation with pure tones, harmonic tones and species-specific calls. In addition to other auditory nuclei, which showed more or less uniform labeling with the present technique, the n. mesencephalicus lateralis dorsalis (MLD) of the midbrain, as well as field L and(More)
The primary auditory "cortex" field L, of the Guinea fowl is a three layer tonotopically organized structure. Isofrequency planes as shown with the 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) method cut across these layers and with their second dimension extend in rostro-caudal direction. The input layer L2 exhibits "spontaneous" labeling due to high spontaneous activity of input(More)
Twenty neurologists were asked to judge a number of plantar responses on film. Each film was preceded by a slide with a fictitious abstract of history and examination (minus the plantar reflex). The main part of the presentation only served to disguise the fact that two films, both showing equivocal toe movements, were presented twice at the same sitting,(More)
Four tabular and two graphical techniques for the presentation of laboratory test results were evaluated in a reaction time experiment with 25 volunteers. Artificial variables and values were used to represent sets of 12 laboratory tests to eliminate the possible effects of clinical experience. Analyses focused on four types of errors in interpretation.(More)
BACKGROUND Awareness during anesthesia is foremost assessed with postoperative interviews, which may underestimate its incidence. On-line monitors such as the Bispectral Index and patient response to verbal command are not necessarily commonly used. This study investigated response to command during deep sedation (Bispectral Index 60-70) and the ability of(More)
Two tabular and two graphical techniques for the presentation of laboratory test results were compared in a reaction-time experiment with 22 volunteers. The experimental setup was designed to determine whether one or more of the presentation techniques facilitated the recognition of four predefined combinations of abnormal test results. Using a(More)