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Experiments were performed on conscious chronically instrumented rats to determine the contribution of peripheral V2-vasopressinergic receptors in any alteration of baroreceptor reflex (BRR) sensitivity on release from 1 wk of 30 degrees head-down tilt resulting from tail suspension. Initial experiments determined changes in plasma volume (PV) occurring(More)
Clinical studies suggest that sleep apnea causes systemic hypertension. In addition, patients with sleep apnea have elevated plasma levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1). We hypothesized that the intermittent hypoxia/hypercapnia (IH) associated with sleep apnea causes hypertension by increasing ET-1 production. To test this hypothesis, rats with arterial and venous(More)
In the systemic vasculature, hypoxia elicits a local vasodilator response that may be partially mediated by ionic channels on vascular smooth muscle, such as adenosine triphosphate sensitive K+ channels. Recent electrophysiological studies suggest that hypoxia may also inhibit voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (L type) on peripheral vascular smooth muscle(More)
Male rats demonstrate persistent endothelium-dependent attenuation of vasoconstrictor reactivity following chronic hypoxia (CH). Since estrogen may interfere with hypoxia-induced gene expression, we hypothesized that gender differences exist in this response to CH. However, in conscious, instrumented rats, we found that CH resulted in a similar persistent(More)
Chronic hypoxia is associated with both blunted agonist-induced and myogenic vascular reactivity and is possibly due to an enhanced production of heme oxygenase (HO)-derived carbon monoxide (CO). However, the mechanism of endogenous CO-meditated vasodilation remains unclear. Isolated pressurized mesenteric arterioles from chronically hypoxic rats were(More)
Experiments were performed to determine the possible direct effects of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on cardiac function in the nonworking Langendorff preparation. Hearts were isolated from male Wistar rats, and the coronary arteries were retrograde perfused at a constant rate through the aorta with a Krebs-Henseleit solution, which was continuously bubbled(More)
Experiments were performed on conscious rats to (a) compare the responsiveness of the renal and hindquarter vascular beds to infusions of exogenous arginine vasopressin (AVP), and (b) determine whether either bed demonstrates V2-vasopressinergic vasodilation when the vasoconstrictor properties of AVP are blocked. Rats were chronically instrumented with(More)
Communication between vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells via low-resistance gap junctions may facilitate vascular function by synchronizing the contractile state of individual cells within the vessel wall. We hypothesized that inhibition of gap junctional communication would impair constrictor responses of mesenteric resistance arteries. Immunohistochemical(More)
We previously demonstrated augmented endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO)-dependent pulmonary arterial dilation and increased arterial endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) levels in chronic hypoxic (CH) and monocrotaline (nonhypoxic) models of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Therefore, we hypothesized that the long-term elevation of arterial eNOS(More)
We have previously demonstrated that arterial, but not venous, vasodilatory responses to endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO)-dependent agonists are enhanced in lungs isolated from rats with chronic hypoxia (CH)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension. These data suggest that CH is associated with increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)(More)