Benjawan Kasisopa

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Two experiments focus on Thai tone perception by native speakers of tone languages (Thai, Cantonese, and Mandarin), a pitch–accent (Swedish), and a nontonal (English) language. In Experiment 1, there was better auditory-only and auditory–visual discrimination by tone and pitch–accent language speakers than by nontone language speakers. Conversely and(More)
Using Best's (1995) perceptual assimilation model (PAM), we investigated auditory-visual (AV), auditory-only (AO), and visual-only (VO) perception of Thai tones. Mandarin and Cantonese (tone-language) speakers were asked to categorize Thai tones according to their own native tone categories, and Australian English (non-tone-language) speakers to categorize(More)
The aim of this research is to investigate the general features of lexical tones that might contribute to their categorisation. Thai tones were presented for (a) discrimination and (b) identification by native Thai and non-native Mandarin tone language participants in auditory-only (AO), visual-only (VO) and auditory-visual (AV) conditions. Discrimination(More)
In a text-to-speech system, a transcription of each word can be either retrieved from the dictionary, or generated by rules or some statistical means. Though the dictionary-based approach can produce the most accurate result, a letter-to-sound conversion module is still necessary for unknown words. This study focuses on producing a module that can(More)
Virtual humans have become part of our everyday life (movies, internet, and computer games). Even though they are more and more realistic, their speech capabilities are, most of the time, limited and not coherent and/or not synchronous with the corresponding acoustic signal. We describe a method to convert a virtual human avatar (animated through key frames(More)
Examples from Chinese, Thai, and Finnish illustrate why researchers cannot always be confident about the precise nature of the word unit. Understanding ambiguities regarding where a word begins and ends, and how to model word recognition when many derivations of a word are possible, is essential for universal theories of reading applied to both developing(More)
This study investigated the effects of hearing impairment and auditory vs. auditory-visual perception of lexical tone by native Thai hearing impaired listeners: Hearing Impaired with Hearing Aids (HI+HA), Hearing Impaired without Hearing Aids (HIHA), and Normal Hearing (NH). Adults’ discrimination of the 5 Thai tones was investigated in auditory-visual(More)
Lexical tone perception was investigated in elderly Thais with Normal Hearing (NH), or Hearing Impairment (HI), the latter with and without Hearing Aids. Auditory-visual (AV), auditory-only (AO), and visual-only (VO) discrimination of Thai tones was investigated. Both groups performed poorly in VO. In AV and AO, the NH performed better than the HI group,(More)
The psycholinguistic status of lexical tones and phones is indexed via phonological and tonological awareness (PA and TA, respectively) using Thai speech. In Experiment 1 (Thai participants, alphabetic script and orthographically explicit phones/tones), PA was better than TA in children and primary school-educated adults, and TA improved to PA levels only(More)
Using eye-tracking in a visual world paradigm, we sought converging evidence for the time course of Mandarin Chinese tone recognition as predicted by the availability of information in f0 and past results from a gating experiment. Our results showed that tones 1 and 2 are recognized earlier than tone 4, followed by tone 3. With the exception of tone 2,(More)