Benjamin van Wyk de Vries

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The gravitational deformation of volcanoes is largely controlled by ductile layers of substrata. Using numerical finite-element modelling we investigate the role of ductile layer thickness and viscosity on such deformation. To characterise Ž . Ž the deformation we introduce two dimensionless ratios; P volcano radiusrductile layer thickness and P viscosity(More)
Shallow-level sill emplacement can uplift Earth’s surface via forced folding, providing insight into the location and size of potential volcanic eruptions. Linking the structure and dynamics of ground deformation to sill intrusion is thus critical in volcanic hazard assessment. This is challenging, however, because (1) active intrusions cannot be directly(More)
The detection of active faults around volcanoes is of importance for both seismic and volcanic hazard assessment. The lower flanks of volcanoes are, however, often covered by debris avalanche deposits (DADs) that are highly faulted during transport. Such areas are dissected by faults that delineate deposit hummocks, making it hard to differentiate tectonic(More)
[1] Surface structures on ’a’ā and blocky lavas reflect the internal flow dynamics during emplacement and also influence the dynamics of developing flows. To investigate the effects of brittle, clinkery ’a’ā flow crusts on flow dynamics and surface structures, we conducted sand and silicone laboratory experiments that simulated the advance of lava into a(More)
Introduction: Flank terraces are topographically subtle, laterally extensive structures on the flanks of several large Martian volcanoes [1]. The origin of terraces has been ascribed to several mechanisms, including elastic self-loading [2], lithospheric flexure [3], gravitational spreading [4], magma chamber tumes-cence [5], and shallow slumping [6]. Here(More)
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