Benjamin Y. M. Yung

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KEY POINTS Doxorubicin induced functional deteriorations and elevations of USP7-related apoptotic/catabolic signalling in the senescent heart Resveratrol protects against doxorubicin-induced alterations through the restoration of SIRT1 deacetylase activity ABSTRACT A compromised cardiac function is often seen in elderly cancer patients receiving(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a specific complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus, which causes progressive cardiac dysfunction. Desacyl ghrelin has been preliminarily demonstrated to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular system and glucose metabolism, which are both related to diabetic cardiomyopathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
Elevations of cardiomyocyte apoptosis and fibrotic deposition are major characteristics of the ageing heart. Resveratrol, a polyphenol in grapes and red wine, is known to improve insulin resistance and increase mitochondrial biogenesis through the SIRT1-PGC-1α signalling axis. Recent studies attempted to relate SIRT1 activation by resveratrol to the(More)
AIM Doxorubicin, a potent chemotherapeutic drug, has been demonstrated previously as an inducer of apoptosis in muscle cells. Extensive induction of apoptosis may cause excessive loss of muscle cells and subsequent functional decline in skeletal muscle. This study examined the effects of acylated ghrelin, a potential agent for treating cancer cachexia, on(More)
Impairment of insulin signaling in skeletal muscle detrimentally affects insulin-stimulated disposal of glucose. Restoration of insulin signaling in skeletal muscle is important as muscle is one of the major sites for disposal of blood glucose. Recently, unacylated ghrelin (UnAG) has received attention in diabetic research due to its favorable actions on(More)
Doxorubicin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent used to treat malignancies, but it causes cardiomyopathy. Preliminary evidence suggests that desacyl ghrelin might have protective effects on doxorubicin cardiotoxicity. This study examined the cellular effects of desacyl ghrelin on myocardial fibrosis and apoptosis in a doxorubicin cardiomyopathy(More)
AIM Acute exercise is known to activate autophagy in skeletal muscle. However, little is known about how basal autophagy in skeletal muscle adapts to chronic exercise. In the current study we aim to, firstly, examine whether long-term habitual exercise alters the basal autophagic signalling in plantaris muscle and, secondly, examine the association between(More)
EGFR signaling pathway and microRNAs (miRNAs) are two important factors for development and treatment in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Microarray analysis enables the genome-wide expression profiling. However, the information from microarray data may not be fully deciphered through the existing approaches. In this study we present an mRNA:miRNA(More)
BACKGROUND Gene expression levels change to adapt the stress, such as starvation, toxin, and radiation. The changes are signals transmitted through molecular interactions, eventually leading to two cellular fates, apoptosis and autophagy. Due to genetic variations, the signals may not be effectively transmitted to modulate apoptotic and autophagic(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is characterized by tremendous amount of immature myeloid cells in the blood circulation. E2F1-3 and MYC are important transcription factors that form positive feedback loops by reciprocal regulation in their own transcription processes. Since genes regulated by E2F1-3 or MYC are related to cell proliferation(More)