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In this paper we describe our newly constructed Constraining and Enabling Coding System (CECS). This scheme was constructed to identify family interactions that are conceptually relevant to adolescent ego development. First, we discuss the theoretical rationale and reliability properties of the codes. We then present results of applying the scales to(More)
By combining the false belief (FB) and photo (PH) vignettes to identify theory-of-mind areas with the false sign (FS) vignettes, we re-establish the functional asymmetry between the left and right temporo-parietal junction (TPJ). The right TPJ (TPJ-R) is specially sensitive to processing belief information, whereas the left TPJ (TPJ-L) is equally(More)
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep mechanisms may play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, but results have been inconclusive and studies of sleep in schizophrena have been deficient in identifying, comparing, and differentiating between subcategories of schizophrenia. Twenty-nine hospitalized, drug-free schizophrenics were divided into three(More)
The importance of emotion to group outcomes in FtF highlights the need to understand emotion contagion in distributed groups. The present study examines the transfer of negative emotion in online groups. Negative emotion was induced in one of three group members completing a task in CMC. The data suggest that emotion contagion took place at the group level,(More)
The authors conducted a study of 18 depressed patients to see whether EEG sleep measurements might provide a predictive tool for response to antidepressant medication. They found that although the sedative characteristics of amitriptyline did not differentiate good responders from poor responders until the third week of drug treatment, the good responders(More)
The similarities in structure and usage of two widely used adjective checklists, the Profile of Mood States (POMS) and Symptom Checklist (SCL), suggested the feasibility of pooling the items from the two scales into a single factor analysis. This procedure was clinically appealing, statistically sound, and provided an efficient method to reduce and refine(More)
In a multicenter, placebo-controlled, clinical trial, the efficacy of Limbitrol was compared with that of its components, amitriptyline and chlordiazepoxide. All patients had a diagnosis of primary depression. Data from 279 patients were evaluated using the Hamilton depression scale, the Beck depression inventory, and physician and patient global change(More)
We investigate the theory that the left inferior parietal lobe (IPL) is closely associated with tracking potential differences of perspective. Developmental studies find that perspective tasks are mastered at around 4 years of age. Our first study, meta-analyses of brain imaging studies shows that perspective tasks specifically activate a region in the left(More)