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The tip asymmetry of a bevel-tip needle results in the needle naturally bending when it is inserted into soft tissue. This enables robotic needle steering, which can be used in medical procedures to reach subsurface targets inaccessible by straight-line trajectories. However, accurate path planning and control of needle steering requires models of(More)
Inelastic bending capacity exists in cold-formed steel beams, despite their fundamentally thin-walled nature. In this paper a simple design procedure to account for this increased bending capacity is proposed as an extension to the Direct Strength Method of cold-formed steel member design. Using an experimental test database of over 500 flexural tests on(More)
The objective of this paper is to provide a review of the Direct Strength Method for cold-formed steel design. The Direct Strength Method was formally adopted in North American design specifications in 2004 as an alternative to the traditional Effective Width Method. The appendix of this paper provides an excerpt from the North American Specification which(More)
Both the bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens alone and its symbiotic Photorhabdus-nematode complex are known to be highly pathogenic to insects. The nature of the insecticidal activity of Photorhabdus bacteria was investigated for its potential application as an insect control agent. It was found that in the fermentation broth of P. luminescens strain W-14,(More)
Actin-crosslinking proteins organize actin filaments into dynamic and complex subcellular scaffolds that orchestrate important mechanical functions, including cell motility and adhesion. Recent mutation studies have shown that individual crosslinking proteins often play seemingly non-essential roles, leading to the hypothesis that they have considerable(More)
In prophase cells, lamin B1 is the major component of the nuclear lamina, a filamentous network underlying the nucleoplasmic side of the nuclear membrane, whereas lamin A/C is dissociated from the scaffold. In vivo fluorescence microscopy studies have shown that, during the G2/M transition, the first gap in the nuclear envelope (NE) appears before lamin B1(More)
Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) is associated with the specific chromosomal translocation (2;13)(q35;q14) or its rarer variant t(1;13)(p36;q14), which produces the fusion gene PAX7-FKHR. Here we describe the human cell line RC2, derived from an ARMS, which harbors a cryptic t(1;13)(p36;q14) and concomitantly shows amplification of the PAX7-FKHR fusion gene(More)
The organization of filamentous actin (F-actin) in resilient networks is coordinated by various F-actin cross-linking proteins. The relative tolerance of cells to null mutations of genes that code for a single actin cross-linking protein suggests that the functions of those proteins are highly redundant. This apparent functional redundancy may, however,(More)
The asymmetry of a bevel-tip needle results in the needle naturally bending when it is inserted into soft tissue. In this study we present a mechanics-based model that calculates the deflection of the needle embedded in an elastic medium. Microscopic observations for several needle-gel interactions were used to characterize the interactions at the bevel tip(More)