Benjamin W. C. Rosser

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Intrafusal fibers within muscle spindles retain features characteristic of immaturity, unlike the larger and more numerous extrafusal fibers constituting the bulk of skeletal muscle. Satellite cells (SCs), myogenic progenitors, are detected on the surfaces of both intrafusal and extrafusal fibers, but little is known of spindle SCs. We have recently(More)
1. Motor units in the thin transversus abdominis muscle of the garter snake were identified and physiologically characterized in the living state. Motor unit fibres, and fibres chosen randomly to serve as controls, were subsequently excised and subjected to biochemical analyses. 2. The metabolic capacity of fibres was assessed by measuring activities of(More)
Progressive changes in myosin isozyme expression and in energy-generating enzyme activities were followed in the diaphragm and, for comparison, in axial and appendicular muscles of rats from 18 d gestation to maturity. Native myosins were characterized by pyrophosphate gel electrophoresis. Myosin heavy-chain (MHC) isozymes were measured with ELISA using(More)
Histochemical and histological observations on the tiny wing muscle, M. coracotriceps, of the pigeon revealed a remarkably high density of muscle spindles (14,582 +/- 2,302/g of muscle)--approximately 15 times the highest densities hitherto reported for any muscle. Furthermore, all of the extrafusal fibers of this muscle were of the slow-tonic variety. This(More)
The pectoralis muscle of birds provides virtually all the power for the downstroke of the wing during flight. In adults it consists almost entirely of FOG (fast-twitch oxidative-glycolytic) and/or FG (fast-twitch glycolytic) fiber types. The aims of this study are to contrast MyHC (myosin heavy chain) transitions occurring within avian FG and FOG fibers(More)
Intrafusal fibers within muscle spindles make up a small subpopulation of muscle fibers. These proprioceptive fibers differ from most extrafusal fibers because, even in maturity, their diameters remain small, and they retain expression of developmental myosins. Although both extrafusal and intrafusal fibers contain satellite cells (SCs), comparatively(More)
During development of chicken pectoralis muscle, a neonatal myosin heavy-chain isoform is supplanted progressively by an adult isoform. This expression is under neuronal control. In this study we test the hypothesis that developmental myosin transformations are initiated near the motor endplate of each muscle fiber, thereafter progressing toward the fiber(More)
BACKGROUND The human quadratus plantae muscle has been attributed a variety of functions, however no consensus has been reached on its significance to foot functioning. The architecture of the human quadratus plantae consists of an evolutionarily conserved lateral head, and a medial head thought to be unique to Man. Surveys of human anatomy have(More)
The program of acquisition of adult metabolic phenotypes was studied in three jaw muscles in order to determine the link between muscle metabolism and functional development. During early postnatal stages, there were similar transitions in the masseter, anterior digastric, and internal pterygoid muscles with respect to fiber growth, fiber type composition,(More)
Supraspinatus tendon tears are common and lead to changes in the muscle architecture. To date, these changes have not been investigated for the distinct regions and parts of the pathologic supraspinatus. The purpose of this study was to create a novel three-dimensional (3D) model of the muscle architecture throughout the supraspinatus and to compare the(More)
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