Benjamin W.C. Rosser

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The paired-box transcription factor Pax7 plays a critical role in the specification of satellite cells in mouse skeletal muscle. In the present study, the position and number of Pax7-expressing cells found in muscles of growing and adult chickens confirm the presence of this protein in avian satellite cells. The expression pattern of Pax7 protein, along(More)
The aims of this study are to investigate the diversity of myosin heavy-chain (MyHC) expression among avian fast-twitch fibers, and to test the hypothesis that dissimilar MyHC isoforms are found in each of the principal avian fast-twitch fiber types. MyHCs within the muscle fibers of the pectoralis of 31 species of bird are characterized using(More)
During development of chicken pectoralis muscle, a neonatal myosin heavy-chain isoform is supplanted progressively by an adult isoform. This expression is under neuronal control. In this study we test the hypothesis that developmental myosin transformations are initiated near the motor endplate of each muscle fiber, thereafter progressing toward the fiber(More)
In a skeletal muscle fiber, each myonucleus is responsible for gene expression in its surrounding cytoplasm. The region of cytoplasm associated with an individual myonucleus is termed myonuclear domain. However, little is known about domain size variation within individual muscle fibers. This study tests the hypothesis that myonuclear domains expressing(More)
Intrafusal fibers within muscle spindles retain features characteristic of immaturity, unlike the larger and more numerous extrafusal fibers constituting the bulk of skeletal muscle. Satellite cells (SCs), myogenic progenitors, are detected on the surfaces of both intrafusal and extrafusal fibers, but little is known of spindle SCs. We have recently(More)
The main sites of longitudinal growth in skeletal muscle are the ends of the fibers. This study tests the hypothesis that satellite cells (SCs) are at a greater frequency (#SC nuclei/all nuclei within basal laminae) and concentration (closer together) within growing fiber ends of posthatch chicken pectoralis. SCs were localized by their Pax7 expression, and(More)
BACKGROUND The pectoralis muscle of the chicken contains fast-twitch glycolytic fibers, which during development undergo a transformation in their myosin heavy chain (MyHC) content from embryonic to a neonatal to an adult isoform (Bandman et al., 1990). Little, however, is known of MyHC expression within the ends of these or other muscle fibers. Here we(More)
This article reviews the complexity, expression, genetics, regulation, function, and evolution of the avian myosin heavy chain (MyHC). The majority of pertinent studies thus far published have focussed on domestic chicken and, to a much lesser extent, Japanese quail. Where possible, information available about wild species has also been incorporated into(More)
The pectoralis muscle of birds provides virtually all the power for the downstroke of the wing during flight. In adults it consists almost entirely of FOG (fast-twitch oxidative-glycolytic) and/or FG (fast-twitch glycolytic) fiber types. The aims of this study are to contrast MyHC (myosin heavy chain) transitions occurring within avian FG and FOG fibers(More)
Intrafusal fibers within muscle spindles make up a small subpopulation of muscle fibers. These proprioceptive fibers differ from most extrafusal fibers because, even in maturity, their diameters remain small, and they retain expression of developmental myosins. Although both extrafusal and intrafusal fibers contain satellite cells (SCs), comparatively(More)