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The paired-box transcription factor Pax7 plays a critical role in the specification of satellite cells in mouse skeletal muscle. In the present study, the position and number of Pax7-expressing cells found in muscles of growing and adult chickens confirm the presence of this protein in avian satellite cells. The expression pattern of Pax7 protein, along(More)
Neonatal rats were exposed to a high-fat low-carbohydrate diet to determine how substrate availability might affect the metabolic phenotype of muscle. Mixed-fiber homogenates of extensor digitorum longus, soleus, and diaphragm muscles were assayed for beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (beta-OAC), succinate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase, lactate(More)
Intrafusal fibers within muscle spindles retain features characteristic of immaturity, unlike the larger and more numerous extrafusal fibers constituting the bulk of skeletal muscle. Satellite cells (SCs), myogenic progenitors, are detected on the surfaces of both intrafusal and extrafusal fibers, but little is known of spindle SCs. We have recently(More)
During development of chicken pectoralis muscle, a neonatal myosin heavy-chain isoform is supplanted progressively by an adult isoform. This expression is under neuronal control. In this study we test the hypothesis that developmental myosin transformations are initiated near the motor endplate of each muscle fiber, thereafter progressing toward the fiber(More)
This article reviews the complexity, expression, genetics, regulation, function, and evolution of the avian myosin heavy chain (MyHC). The majority of pertinent studies thus far published have focussed on domestic chicken and, to a much lesser extent, Japanese quail. Where possible, information available about wild species has also been incorporated into(More)
Progressive changes in myosin isozyme expression and in energy-generating enzyme activities were followed in the diaphragm and, for comparison, in axial and appendicular muscles of rats from 18 d gestation to maturity. Native myosins were characterized by pyrophosphate gel electrophoresis. Myosin heavy-chain (MHC) isozymes were measured with ELISA using(More)
Architectural changes associated with tendon tears of the supraspinatus muscle (SP) have not been thoroughly investigated in vivo with the muscle in relaxed and contracted states. The purpose of this study was to quantify the geometric properties within the distinct regions of SP in subjects with full-thickness tendon tears using an ultrasound protocol(More)
We studied muscle fibers by quantitative biochemistry to determine whether metabolic capacity varied among fibers of a given type as a function of their anatomic location. Muscles were selected from both contiguous and diverse anatomic regions within the rats studied. The individual fibers, classified into myosin ATPase fiber types by histochemical means,(More)
1. Motor units in the thin transversus abdominis muscle of the garter snake were identified and physiologically characterized in the living state. Motor unit fibres, and fibres chosen randomly to serve as controls, were subsequently excised and subjected to biochemical analyses. 2. The metabolic capacity of fibres was assessed by measuring activities of(More)
1. The transversus abdominis muscle of the garter snake contains fibres of three types: tonic (T), slower twitch (S) and faster twitch (F). Fibre types can be determined by anatomical criteria in living preparations. Individual fibres identified as T, S or F were excised from the muscle and subdivided for two types of biochemical examination. Enzymes of(More)