Learn More
Early healing after myocardial infarction (MI) is characterized by a strong inflammatory reaction. Most leukotrienes are pro-inflammatory and are therefore potential mediators of healing and remodeling after myocardial ischemia. The enzyme 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) has a key role in the transformation of arachidonic acid in leukotrienes. Thus, we tested the(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of innate immunity, especially infiltration of monocytes, is critical for proper wound healing and scar formation after myocardial infarction (MI). Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that interleukin-13 (IL-13), which influences the differentiation of monocytes/macrophages and has profibrotic properties, modulates wound healing and(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) leads to necrosis and uncontrolled release of cellular content. Binucleated and polyploid cardiomyocytes contain high amounts of chromatin, a DNA polymer of histones which are cytotoxic. We hypothesized that chromatin from necrotic cells accumulates in the non-perfused, ischemic infarct region, causing local high concentrations of(More)
In decerebrate cats the effects of supraspinal stimulation on Renshaw cells and motoneurones have been investigated. The results demonstrate direct excitation and inhibition of the Renshaw cells by descending impulses from brain stem or cerebellum. In the case of excitation of these interneurones the motoneurones are depressed, whereas supraspinal(More)
RATIONALE An exaggerated or persistent inflammatory activation after myocardial infarction (MI) leads to maladaptive healing and subsequent remodeling of the left ventricle. Foxp3(+) CD4(+) regulatory T cells (Treg cells) contribute to inflammation resolution. Therefore, Treg cells might influence cardiac healing post-MI. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to study(More)
The long known toxicity of free chromatin mediated by histones regained attention after discovery of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). Free histones from necrotic cells or NETs can damage prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and are responsible for the aggravation of a growing list of diseases. DNases degrade the toxic chromatin polymer to nucleosomes and(More)
Picrosirius red (PSR) staining is a commonly used histological technique to visualize collagen in paraffin-embedded tissue sections. PSR stained collagen appears red in light microscopy. However it is largely unknown that PSR stained collagen also shows a red fluorescence, whereas live cells have a distinct green autofluorescence. Both emission patterns can(More)
High mobility group A (HMGA) proteins regulate gene transcription through architectural modulation of chromatin and the formation of multi-protein complexes on promoter/enhancer regions. Differential expression of HMGA variants has been found to be important for distinct differentiation processes and deregulated expression was linked to several disorders.(More)
In einer prospektiven Studie über 5 1/2 Jahre wurde die diagnostische Wertigkeit eines artifiziellen neuronalen Netzwerkes (ANN) mit den 5 Eingangsvariablen PSA, %fPSA, Prostatavolumen, rektaler Tastbefund und Patientenalter im PSA-Bereich von 2–20 µg/l als Prostatabiopsieindikator evaluiert. Daten von 944 Prostatakarzinom- und BPH-Patienten wurden in einem(More)
Binding of proteins to DNA is usually considered 1D with one protein bound to one DNA molecule. In principle, proteins with multiple DNA binding domains could also bind to and thereby cross-link different DNA molecules. We have investigated this possibility using high-mobility group A1 (HMGA1) proteins, which are architectural elements of chromatin and are(More)