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The structural and functional effects of fine-textured matrices with sub-micron features on the growth of cardiac myocytes were examined. Electrospinning was used to fabricate biodegradable non-woven poly(lactide)- and poly(glycolide)-based (PLGA) scaffolds for cardiac tissue engineering applications. Post-processing was applied to achieve macro-scale fiber(More)
The present work utilizes electrospinning to fabricate synthetic polymer/DNA composite scaffolds for therapeutic application in gene delivery for tissue engineering. The scaffolds are non-woven, nano-fibered, membranous structures composed predominantly of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) random copolymer and a poly(D,L-lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol)(More)
Skeletal muscle consists of parallel bundles of myotubes formed by the fusion of myoblasts. We fabricated nanofibrous and micropatterned polymers as cell culture substrates to guide the morphogenesis of muscular tissue. The nanoscale and microscale topographic features regulate cell and cytoskeleton alignment, myotube assembly, myotube striation, and(More)
Combined small-angle x-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy studies of intramuscular fish bone (shad and herring) indicate that the lateral packing of nanoscale calcium-phosphate crystals in collagen fibrils can be represented by irregular stacks of platelet-shaped crystals, intercalated with organic layers of collagen molecules. The(More)
The successful incorporation and sustained release of a hydrophilic antibiotic drug (Mefoxin, cefoxitin sodium) from electrospun poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-based nanofibrous scaffolds without the loss of structure and bioactivity was demonstrated. The morphology and density of the electrospun scaffold was found to be dependent on the drug(More)
Typical properties of poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA)-based scaffolds (films and foams), such as long degradation time, mechanical stiffness and hydrophobicity, are sometimes not suitable for biomedical applications. These properties can be substantially altered by electrospinning of PLA blends with miscible poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) random copolymers,(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of nonwoven bioabsorbable nanofibrous membranes of poly(lactideco-glycolide) for prevention of postsurgery-induced abdominal adhesions. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Recent reports indicated that current materials used for adhesion prevention have only limited success. Studies on other(More)
Extracellular and intracellular barriers typically prevent non-viral gene vectors from having an effective transfection efficiency. Formulation of a gene delivery vehicle that can overcome the barriers is a key step for successful tissue regeneration. We have developed a novel core-shelled DNA nanoparticle by invoking solvent-induced condensation of plasmid(More)
Functional nanofibrous scaffolds produced by electrospinning have great potential in many biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, wound dressing, enzyme immobilization and drug (gene) delivery. For a specific successful application, the chemical, physical and biological properties of electrospun scaffolds should be adjusted to match the(More)
In this study, hyaluronic acid (HA) was electro-spun and electro-blown to prepare nonwoven nanofibrous membranes. Critical parameters for processing and corresponding effects on the membrane morphology were investigated using the methods of rheology and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). During electro-spinning, the optimal HA concentration window for(More)