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Skeletal muscle consists of parallel bundles of myotubes formed by the fusion of myoblasts. We fabricated nanofibrous and micropatterned polymers as cell culture substrates to guide the morphogenesis of muscular tissue. The nanoscale and microscale topographic features regulate cell and cytoskeleton alignment, myotube assembly, myotube striation, and(More)
The structural and functional effects of fine-textured matrices with sub-micron features on the growth of cardiac myocytes were examined. Electrospinning was used to fabricate biodegradable non-woven poly(lactide)- and poly(glycolide)-based (PLGA) scaffolds for cardiac tissue engineering applications. Post-processing was applied to achieve macro-scale fiber(More)
The successful incorporation and sustained release of a hydrophilic antibiotic drug (Mefoxin, cefoxitin sodium) from electrospun poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-based nanofibrous scaffolds without the loss of structure and bioactivity was demonstrated. The morphology and density of the electrospun scaffold was found to be dependent on the drug(More)
The present work utilizes electrospinning to fabricate synthetic polymer/DNA composite scaffolds for therapeutic application in gene delivery for tissue engineering. The scaffolds are non-woven, nano-fibered, membranous structures composed predominantly of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) random copolymer and a poly(D,L-lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol)(More)
Nanostructured biomaterials have tremendous potential for tissue engineering. However, the performance and integration of the nanomaterials in vivo are not well understood. A challenge in vascular tissue engineering is to develop optimal scaffolds and establish expandable cell sources for the construction of tissue-engineered vascular grafts that are(More)
Extracellular and intracellular barriers typically prevent non-viral gene vectors from having an effective transfection efficiency. Formulation of a gene delivery vehicle that can overcome the barriers is a key step for successful tissue regeneration. We have developed a novel core-shelled DNA nanoparticle by invoking solvent-induced condensation of plasmid(More)
Electrospun poly(glycolide-co-lactide) (PLA10GA90, LA/GA ratio 10/90) biodegradable nanofiber membranes possessed very high surface area to volume ratios and were completely noncrystalline with a relatively lowered glass transition temperature. These characteristics led to very different structure, morphology, and property changes during in vitro(More)
Combined small-angle x-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy studies of intramuscular fish bone (shad and herring) indicate that the lateral packing of nanoscale calcium-phosphate crystals in collagen fibrils can be represented by irregular stacks of platelet-shaped crystals, intercalated with organic layers of collagen molecules. The(More)
A novel high flux filtration medium, consisting of a three-tier composite structure, i.e., a nonporous hydrophilic nanocomposite coating top layer, an electrospun nanofibrous substrate midlayer, and a conventional nonwoven microfibrous support, was demonstrated for oil/water emulsion separations for the first time. The nanofibrous substrate was prepared by(More)
In this study, structure changes of regenerated cellulose fibers wet-spun from a cotton linter pulp (degree of polymerization approximately 620) solution in an NaOH/urea solvent under different conditions were investigated by simultaneous synchrotron wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). WAXD results indicated that the(More)