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Suramin is a polysulfonated polyaromatic symmetrical urea. It is currently used to treat African river blindness and African sleeping sickness. Suramin has also been extensively trialed recently to treat a number of other diseases, including many cancers. Here, we examine its modes of action and discuss its structure-activity relationships.
PURPOSE To synthesize a number of analogues of Leu-enkephalin with different lipophilicities and to develop an LC-MS method for determining the Caco-2 cell permeability values of these compounds. METHODS A number of sugar and sugar plus lipoamino acid analogues of Leu-enkephalin were synthesized by solid-phase and solution methods. An LC-MS method was… (More)
The co-administration of a drug with a penetration enhancer (PE) is one method by which the membrane permeability of a drug can be improved. To facilitate PE design, it is important that the molecular basis of PE toxicity and efficacy be examined, so we investigated the membrane affinity and micellar aggregation of a series of synthetic liposaccharide PEs… (More)
The aim of this work was to develop mucoadhesive hydrogels with variable drug delivery properties by crosslinking poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) with cyclodextrins (CDs). CD-PAA polymers with high CD content and good inter-batch reproducibility were synthesized by activating PAA with SOCl2, then reacting PAA chloride with CD in the presence of… (More)
Various food constituents have been proposed as disease-modifying agents for Alzheimer's disease (AD), due to epidemiological evidence of their beneficial effects, and for their ability to ameliorate factors linked to AD pathogenesis, namely by: chelating iron, copper and zinc; scavenging reactive oxygen species; and suppressing the fibrillation of… (More)
I want to break free: Mesoporous silica nanoparticles are functionalized with sulfasalazine (SZ; see scheme), a prodrug of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) and sulfapyridine, to generate enzyme-responsive nanocarriers. In the presence of the colon-specific enzyme azo-reductase (orange), 5-ASA and sulfapyridine are efficiently released.
A review with 93 references. Heparins are high molecular weight, hydrophilic polyanions, which are unstable under acidic conditions; and therefore they exhibit poor oral bioavailability. Consequently they must be administered via the parenteral route which is expensive, inconvenient, and limits use by outpatients. The development of an oral form of heparin… (More)
Two polycationic lipophilic-core carbohydrate-based dendrons 2a-b and five polycationic lipophilic-core peptide dendrons 3-6, containing four arginine or lysine terminal residues, were synthesized and then tested in rats as penetration enhancers for the oral delivery of low molecular weight heparin. Better results were obtained with dendrons containing… (More)
ISCOMs have received much attention as vaccine adjuvants due to their immunostimulatory effects. They are colloidal particles typically comprised of phospholipids, cholesterol and Quil A, a crude mixture of saponins extracted from the bark of Quillaja saponaria Molina. We have previously shown that ISCOMs can be prepared by ether injection wherein an ether… (More)
Structure-based virtual screening of two libraries containing 567 981 molecules was used to discover novel, selective BuChE inhibitors, which are potentially superior symptomatic treatments in late-stage Alzheimer's disease. Compound 16 was identified as a highly selective submicromolar inhibitor of BuChE (huBuChE IC50 = 0.443 μM) with high permeability in… (More)