Benjamin P Ross

Learn More
A review with 93 references. Heparins are high molecular weight, hydrophilic polyanions, which are unstable under acidic conditions; and therefore they exhibit poor oral bioavailability. Consequently they must be administered via the parenteral route which is expensive, inconvenient, and limits use by outpatients. The development of an oral form of heparin(More)
Suramin is a polysulfonated polyaromatic symmetrical urea. It is currently used to treat African river blindness and African sleeping sickness. Suramin has also been extensively trialed recently to treat a number of other diseases, including many cancers. Here, we examine its modes of action and discuss its structure-activity relationships.
Various food constituents have been proposed as disease-modifying agents for Alzheimer's disease (AD), due to epidemiological evidence of their beneficial effects, and for their ability to ameliorate factors linked to AD pathogenesis, namely by: chelating iron, copper and zinc; scavenging reactive oxygen species; and suppressing the fibrillation of(More)
PURPOSE To synthesize a number of analogues of Leu-enkephalin with different lipophilicities and to develop an LC-MS method for determining the Caco-2 cell permeability values of these compounds. METHODS A number of sugar and sugar plus lipoamino acid analogues of Leu-enkephalin were synthesized by solid-phase and solution methods. An LC-MS method was(More)
The co-administration of a drug with a penetration enhancer (PE) is one method by which the membrane permeability of a drug can be improved. To facilitate PE design, it is important that the molecular basis of PE toxicity and efficacy be examined, so we investigated the membrane affinity and micellar aggregation of a series of synthetic liposaccharide PEs(More)
Structure-based virtual screening of two libraries containing 567 981 molecules was used to discover novel, selective BuChE inhibitors, which are potentially superior symptomatic treatments in late-stage Alzheimer's disease. Compound 16 was identified as a highly selective submicromolar inhibitor of BuChE (huBuChE IC50 = 0.443 μM) with high permeability in(More)
Caco-2 cell permeability and stability assays were used as an in vitro model to study the intestinal epithelial transport and stability of two analogues of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH; Pyr-His-Pro-NH2). Peptide 1 (Pyr-His-Pro-D-glucopyranuronamide) was more permeable across the Caco-2 cell monolayer compared with the permeability of the parent TRH(More)
The design, synthesis, and evaluation of a liposaccharide (11) for use as an agent to enhance the gastrointestinal absorption of charged, hydrophilic drugs with poor membrane permeability is reported. 11 was designed to possess both surfactant and ion-pairing properties and was conveniently synthesized from d-glucuronic acid (2) and N-Boc-lipoamino acid (5)(More)
Two polycationic lipophilic-core carbohydrate-based dendrons 2a-b and five polycationic lipophilic-core peptide dendrons 3-6, containing four arginine or lysine terminal residues, were synthesized and then tested in rats as penetration enhancers for the oral delivery of low molecular weight heparin. Better results were obtained with dendrons containing(More)
The aim of this work was to develop mucoadhesive hydrogels with variable drug delivery properties by crosslinking poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) with cyclodextrins (CDs). CD-PAA polymers with high CD content and good inter-batch reproducibility were synthesized by activating PAA with SOCl2, then reacting PAA chloride with CD in the presence of(More)