Benjamin Oßwald

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1) The enzymatic demethylation of caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) by Pseudomonas putida C1 was investigated; an inducible enzyme system has been observed. This enzyme shows an optimum pH of about 6.0, and the optimum temperature is in the range of 22-24 degrees C. The enzyme is absolutely dependent on NADH or NADPH as a cosubstrate and is activated by(More)
Continuous monitoring of renal cortical blood flow (RCBF) in the perioperative setting of aortic or renal vascular surgery could facilitate the early detection of vascular complications, possibly resulting in a reduction of postoperative renal failure. A new prototype system for measurement of parenchymous organ perfusion based on the principle of thermal(More)
CA 19-9 is used as a tumour marker of the upper gastrointestinal tract. However, extremely elevated CA 19-9 levels are found also in patients with benign diseases. Cholestasis was present in 97.1% of patients with high elevated CA 19-9, independent of their primary disease. 50% of patients with non-malignant diseases and increased CA 19-9 levels showed(More)
Splenic cysts cannot be summarized in one entity but open a wide field of aetiopathogenetic factors. The most common types of splenic cysts in central Europe are of epithelial or traumatic origin. Since ultrasound is widely used, the incidence of splenic cysts increased to about 1%. Rarely, splenic cysts give specific symptoms. Giant cysts cause unspecific(More)
An assay is described for measurement of purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A plasma sample was incubated with hypoxanthine and ribose-1-phosphate in phosphate-free medium at pH 7.4 to catalyse the production of inosine by plasmatic PNP. The reaction was stopped by addition of perchloric acid to(More)
It has been reported that aging strikingly decreases in vivo ethanol metabolism in F344 rats without major effects on hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity. Because hepatic ADH activity is not always rate limiting in the oxidation of ethanol, we measured in vivo ethanol elimination rate (EER), hepatic ADH activity, and the hepatic-cytoplasmic and(More)