Benjamin Nicholson

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Bortezomib therapy has proven successful for the treatment of relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (MM); however, prolonged treatment is associated with toxicity and development of drug resistance. Here, we show that the novel proteasome inhibitor NPI-0052 induces apoptosis in MM cells resistant to conventional and Bortezomib therapies. NPI-0052 is(More)
The aberrant production of nitric oxide (NO) contributes to the pathogenesis of diseases as diverse as cancer and arthritis. Sustained NO production via the inducible enzyme, nitric-oxide synthase 2 (NOS2), requires extracellular arginine uptake. Three closely related cationic amino acid transporter genes (Cat1-3) encode the transporters that mediate most(More)
Converting lead compounds into drug candidates is a crucial step in drug development, requiring early assessment of potency, selectivity, and off-target effects. We have utilized activity-based chemical proteomics to determine the potency and selectivity of deubiquitylating enzyme (DUB) inhibitors in cell culture models. Importantly, we characterized the(More)
Bortezomib therapy has proven successful for the treatment of relapsed/refractory, relapsed, and newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM); however, dose-limiting toxicities and the development of resistance limit its long-term utility. Here, we show that P5091 is an inhibitor of deubiquitylating enzyme USP7, which induces apoptosis in MM cells resistant to(More)
Mice transgenic for the Polyomavirus middle T (PyV-mT) gene have been widely used to study mammary tumorigenesis and metastasis. Although numerous molecular insights were gained from the analysis of these transgenic malignant tumors, the early events leading to malignant transformation have not been systematically investigated nor has the biological(More)
Inhibitors of the cancer-related cysteine isopeptidase human ubiquitin-specific proteases 7 (USP7) and 47 (USP47) are considered to have potential as cancer therapeutics, owing to their ability to stabilize the tumor suppressor p53 and to decrease DNA polymerase β (Polβ), both of which are potential anticancer effects. A new class of dual small molecule(More)
Recent advances in the development and discovery of pharmacological interventions within the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) have uncovered an enormous potential for possible novel treatments of neurodegenerative disease, cancer, immunological disorder and microbial infection. Interference with proteasome activity, although initially considered unlikely(More)
Salinosporamide A (1, NPI-0052) is a potent proteasome inhibitor in development for treating cancer. In this study, a series of analogues was assayed for cytotoxicity, proteasome inhibition, and inhibition of NF-kappaB activation. Marked reductions in potency in cell-based assays accompanied replacement of the chloroethyl group with unhalogenated(More)
The reversible conjugation of ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like (UbL) proteins to protein substrates plays a critical role in the regulation of many cellular pathways. The removal of ubiquitin from target proteins is performed by ubiquitin proteases also known as deubiquitylases (DUBs). Owing to their substrate specificity and the central role ubiquitylation(More)
The deubiquitylating enzyme USP7 (HAUSP) sits at a critical node regulating the activities of numerous proteins broadly characterized as tumor suppressors, DNA repair proteins, immune responders, viral proteins, and epigenetic modulators. Aberrant USP7 activity may promote oncogenesis and viral disease making it a compelling target for therapeutic(More)