Benjamin N Wardleworth

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The conserved Sir2 family of proteins has protein deacetylase activity that is dependent on NAD (the oxidized form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide). Although histones are one likely target for the enzymatic activity of eukaryotic Sir2 proteins, little is known about the substrates and roles of prokaryotic Sir2 homologs. We reveal that an archaeal Sir2(More)
The characteristics of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) associated protein EB1 were examined in mammalian cells. By immunocytochemistry EB1 was shown to be closely associated with the microtubule cytoskeleton throughout the cell cycle. In interphase cells EB1 was associated with microtubules along their full length but was often particularly(More)
Eukaryotic DNA is packaged into nucleosomes that regulate the accessibility of the genome to replication, transcription and repair factors. Chromatin accessibility is controlled by histone modifications including acetylation and methylation. Archaea possess eukary otic-like machineries for DNA replication, transcription and information processing. The(More)
Holliday junction resolving enzymes are ubiquitous proteins that function in the pathway of homologous recombination, catalyzing the rearrangement and repair of DNA. They are metal ion-dependent endonucleases with strong structural specificity for branched DNA species. Whereas the eukaryotic nuclear enzyme remains unknown, an archaeal Holliday junction(More)
The Holliday junction-resolving enzyme Cce1 is a magnesium-dependent endonuclease, responsible for the resolution of recombining mitochondrial DNA molecules in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have identified a homologue of Cce1 from Candida albicans and used a multiple sequence alignment to predict residues important for junction binding and catalysis. Twelve(More)
Holliday junction resolving enzymes are required by all life forms that catalyse homologous recombination, including all cellular organisms and many bacterial and eukaryotic viruses. Here we report the identification of three distinct Holliday junction resolving enzyme activities present in two highly divergent archaeal species. Both Sulfolobus and(More)
In response to DNA damage, cells initiate multiple repair mechanisms that all contribute to the survival of both the cell and the organism. These responses are numerous and variable, and can include cell cycle arrest, transcriptional activation of DNA repair genes and relocalization of repair proteins to sites of DNA damage. If all else fails, in(More)
Crystals of Sso10b from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus have been grown that diffract to 2.6 A resolution. The protein is a highly abundant non-specific double-stranded DNA-binding protein, conserved throughout the archaea, that has been implicated in playing a role in the architecture of archaeal chromatin.
The Holliday junction-resolving enzyme Hjc is conserved in the archaea and probably plays a role analogous to that of Escherichia coli RuvC in the pathway of homologous recombination. Hjc specifically recognizes four-way DNA junctions, cleaving them without sequence preference to generate recombinant DNA duplex products. Hjc imposes an X-shaped global(More)
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