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Multi-atlas segmentation has been widely applied in medical image analysis. This technique relies on image registration to transfer segmentation labels from pre-labeled atlases to a novel target image and applies label fusion to reduce errors produced by registration-based label transfer. To improve the performance of registration-based label transfer(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence, risk factors, and clinical manifestations of spinal cord ischemia (SCI) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). METHODS A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was performed for all patients undergoing TEVAR at a single academic institution between July 2002(More)
The objective of this study is to describe a single-center experience of caval thrombectomy in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and tumor thrombus extension into the inferior vena cava (IVC). We retrospectively reviewed 23 patients undergoing radical nephrectomy with caval thrombectomy. Follow-up included an office visit and computed tomography(More)
OBJECTIVES Increased utilization of computed tomography angiography (CTA) has increased the radiologic diagnosis of penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers (PAUs), which are defined as the ulceration of atherosclerotic plaque through the internal elastic lamina into the aortic media. However, the presentation, treatment indications, and natural history of this(More)
BACKGROUND Early infarct expansion initiates adverse remodeling, leads to left ventricular dilatation and portends a poor long-term outcome. Early mechanical prevention of infarct expansion has been proposed as a method to improve remodeling, but the extent of ventricular restraint necessary to optimize the salutary effect is not known. We tested the(More)
OBJECTIVES Using 3-dimensional echocardiography in conjunction with novel geometric modeling and rendering techniques, we have developed a high-resolution, quantitative, 3-dimensional methodology for imaging the human mitral valve. Leaflet and annular geometry are important determinants of mitral valve stress. Repair techniques that optimize valvular(More)
BACKGROUND Aortic diseases, including aortic aneurysms, are the 12th leading cause of death in the United States. The incidence of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms is estimated at 10.4 per 100,000 patient-years. Growing evidence suggests that stress measurements derived from structural analysis of aortic geometries predict clinical outcomes better than(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of mitral leaflet curvature on stress reduction is an important mechanism in optimizing valve function. We hypothesize that annuloplasty ring shape could directly influence leaflet curvature and, potentially, repair durability. We describe an echocardiographically based methodology for quantifying mitral valve geometry and its(More)
OBJECTIVE Repair of saccular aortic aneurysms (SAAs) is frequently recommended based on a perceived predisposition to rupture, despite little evidence that these aneurysms have a more malignant natural history than fusiform aortic aneurysms. METHODS The radiology database at a single university hospital was searched for the computed tomographic (CT)(More)