Benjamin Lemasson

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Blood oxygen saturation (SO(2)) is a promising parameter for the assessment of brain tissue viability in numerous pathologies. Quantitative blood oxygenation level-dependent (qBOLD)-like approaches allow the estimation of SO(2) by modelling the contribution of deoxyhaemoglobin to the MR signal decay. These methods require a high signal-to-noise ratio to(More)
This study aimed at combining an iron-based, steady-state, vessel size index magnetic resonance imaging (VSI MRI) approach, and a gadolinium (Gd)-based, dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI approach (DCE MRI) to characterize tumoral microvasculature. Rats bearing an orthotopic glioma (C6, n=14 and RG2, n=6) underwent DCE MRI and combined VSI and DCE MRI 4 h later,(More)
RATIONALE Treatment of glioblastoma (GBM) remains challenging due in part to its histologic intratumoral heterogeneity that contributes to its overall poor treatment response. Our goal was to evaluate a voxel-based biomarker, the functional diffusion map (fDM), as an imaging biomarker to detect heterogeneity of tumor response in a radiation dose escalation(More)
Despite the use of ionizing radiation (IR) and temozolomide (TMZ), outcome for glioblastoma (GBM) patients remains dismal. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is important in repair pathways for IR-induced DNA damage and TMZ-induced alkylation at N7-methylguanine and N3-methyldenine. However, optimized protocols for administration of PARP inhibitors have(More)
The aim of this study was to compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histological estimates of the mean vessel diameter (mVD), the vessel density (Density), and the vessel size index (VSI) obtained in the same tumor-bearing animals. Twenty-seven rats bearing intracranial glioma (C6 or RG2) were imaged by MRI. Changes in transverse relaxations (ΔR 2*(More)
Assessment of angiogenesis may help to determine tumor grade and therapy follow-up. In vivo imaging methods for non-invasively monitoring microvasculature evolution are therefore of major interest for tumor management. MRI evaluation of blood volume fraction (BVf) and vessel size index (VSI) was applied to assess the evolution of tumor microvasculature in(More)
Imaging heterogeneous cancer lesions is a real challenge. For diagnosis, histology often remains the reference, but it is widely acknowledged that biopsies are not reliable. There is thus a strong interest in establishing a link between clinical in vivo imaging and the biologic properties of tissues. In this study, we propose to construct(More)
Early imaging or blood biomarkers of tumor response is needed to customize anti-tumor therapy on an individual basis. This study evaluates the sensitivity and relevance of five potential MRI biomarkers. Sixty nude rats were implanted with human glioma cells (U-87 MG) and randomized into three groups: one group received an anti-angiogenic treatment(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the sequential injection of a low-molecular-weight (gadoterate meglumine [Gd-DOTA], 0.5 kDa) and a macromolecular (P846, 3.5 kDa) contrast media in monitoring the effect of antitumor therapies (antiangiogenic therapy and/or microbeam radiation therapy [MRT]) on healthy brain tissue and implanted tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Animal use(More)
Imaging biomarkers capable of early quantification of tumor response to therapy would provide an opportunity to individualize patient care. Image registration of longitudinal scans provides a method of detecting treatment associated changes within heterogeneous tumors by monitoring alterations in the quantitative value of individual voxels over time, which(More)