Benjamin Legrand

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We report on an adjustable interferometric set-up for Scanning Microwave Microscopy. This interferometer is designed in order to combine simplicity, a relatively flexible choice of the frequency of interference used for measurements as well as the choice of impedances range where the interference occurs. A vectorial calibration method based on a modified(More)
Nostocalean cyanobacteria are known to proliferate abundantly in eutrophic aquatic ecosystems, and to produce several cyanotoxins, including anatoxin-a. In this study, we investigated both the resistance and toxic potential of the akinetes (resistant cells), using cyanobacterial cultures and akinetes extracted from the sediment of Lake Aydat (France)(More)
Over the last few decades, cyanobacterial mass occurrence has become a recurrent feature of aquatic ecosystems. This has led to ecosystem exposure and health hazards associated with cyanotoxin production. The neurotoxin anatoxin-a and its homologs can be synthesized by benthic cyanobacterial species in lotic systems, but also by planktonic lacustrine(More)
The ability of the atomic force microscope ~AFM! to realize lithography patterns on silicon surfaces is widely known and leads to the formation of silicon nanostructures after an etching step. In this article, we aim at improving the fabrication process to yield silicon nanowires with minimum lateral dimensions for the realization of Coulomb blockade based(More)
Experimental reaction rate data for the Al/HCl system are very scarce. Such data are needed for the comprehension and for the numerical simulation of the combustion of aluminum particles as encountered in solid segmented motors. Toward this end, we have examined the homogeneous chemistry of this system, computed rate parameters for important reactions using(More)
CoPt equiatomic alloy orders according to the tetragonal L1(0) structure which favors strong magnetic anisotropy. Conversely, magnetism can influence the chemical ordering. We present here ab initio calculations of the stability of the L1(0) and L1(2) structures of Co-Pt alloys in their paramagnetic and ferromagnetic states. They show that magnetism(More)
In 1974 a new industrial technique for concentration and purification of FMD virus was presented at the OIE Conference. The bulk inactivated virus from this technique was stored in liquid nitrogen vapour until required for vaccine formulation. In 1981, having applied this technique regularly for seven years, we now describe the results obtained and the(More)
Akinetes are resistant cells which have the ability to persist in sediment for several decades. We have investigated the temporal distribution of akinetes of two species, Dolichospermum macrosporum and Dolichospermum flos-aquae, in a sediment core sampled in Lake Aydat (France), which covers 220 years. The upper part, from 1907 to 2016, the number of(More)
Monitoring of water and surface sediment in a French eutrophic lake (Lake Aydat) was carried out over a 2-year period in order to determine if akinetes in sediment could be representative of the most recent bloom, and to estimate their germination potential. Sediment analysis revealed 2 akinetes species: Dolichospermun macrosporum and Dolichospermun(More)
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