Benjamin L. Stottrup

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Primordial cells presumably combined RNAs, which functioned as catalysts and carriers of genetic information, with an encapsulating membrane of aggregated amphiphilic molecules. Major questions regarding this hypothesis include how the four bases and the sugar in RNA were selected from a mixture of prebiotic compounds and colocalized with such membranes,(More)
We investigate the miscibility phase behavior of lipid monolayers containing a wide variety of sterols. Six of the sterols satisfy a definition from an earlier study of "membrane-active sterols" in bilayers (cholesterol, epicholesterol, lathosterol, dihydrocholesterol, ergosterol, and desmosterol), and six do not (25-hydroxycholesterol, lanosterol,(More)
We investigate lateral organization of lipid domains in vesicles versus supported membranes and monolayers. The lipid mixtures used are predominantly DOPC/DPPC/Chol and DOPC/BSM/Chol, which have been previously shown to produce coexisting liquid phases in vesicles and monolayers. In a monolayer at an air-water interface, these lipids have miscibility(More)
We investigate miscibility transitions of two different ternary lipid mixtures, DOPC/DPPC/Chol and POPC/PSM/Chol. In vesicles, both of these mixtures of an unsaturated lipid, a saturated lipid, and cholesterol form micron-scale domains of immiscible liquid phases for only a limited range of compositions. In contrast, in monolayers, both of these mixtures(More)
Lipid bilayer membranes composed of DOPC, DPPC, and a series of sterols demix into coexisting liquid phases below a miscibility transition temperature. We use fluorescence microscopy to directly observe phase transitions in vesicles of 1:1:1 DOPC/DPPC/sterol within giant unilamellar vesicles. We show that vesicles containing the "promoter" sterols(More)
The extracellular matrix protein tenascin-C plays a critical role in development, wound healing, and cancer progression, but how it is controlled and how it exerts its physiological responses remain unclear. By quantifying the behavior of live cells with phase contrast and fluorescence microscopy, the dynamic regulation of TN-C promoter activity is(More)
We have synthesized a novel interface-anchoring alcohol dehydrogenase by covalent attachment of a hydrophobic polymer tail to the hydrophilic protein head. Analogous to a protein-based surfactant, this polymer-enzyme conjugate self-assembled at liquid-liquid or liquid-air interfaces to form a membrane similar to other surfactant monolayers. The packing and(More)
Primordial cells presumably combined RNAs, which functioned as catalysts and carriers of genetic information, with an encapsulating membrane of aggregated amphiphilic molecules. Major questions regarding this hypothesis include how the four bases and the sugar in RNA were selected from a mixture of prebiotic compounds and co-localized with such membranes,(More)
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