Benjamin L. Hodnett

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We have developed Quantitative Circulatory Physiology (QCP), a mathematical model of integrative human physiology containing over 4,000 variables of biological interactions. This model provides a teaching environment that mimics clinical problems encountered in the practice of medicine. The model structure is based on documented physiological responses(More)
Obesity has been shown to impair muscle blood flow in humans. Vasodilatory control mechanisms such as metabolic control, myogenic mechanisms, conducted vasodilation, and release of endothelium-derived factors may be impaired in obesity due to insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, inflammation, oxidative stress, and endothelial dysfunction. The(More)
Importance Management of cervical lymph node metastasis without a known primary tumor is a diagnostic and treatment challenge for head and neck oncologists. Identification of the occult mucosal primary tumor minimizes the morbidity of treatment. Objective To analyze the role of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in facilitating the identification of a(More)
These studies tested the hypothesis that in obese Zucker rats (OZRs), a model of metabolic syndrome, the impaired functional vasodilation is due to increased thromboxane receptor (TP)-mediated vasoconstriction and/or decreased prostacyclin-induced vasodilation. Spinotrapezius arcade arterioles from 12-wk-old lean (LZR) and OZR were chosen for(More)
In obesity, skeletal muscle blood flow during exercise (functional hyperemia) is impaired. We have indirectly demonstrated that an altered arachidonic acid metabolism is responsible for the impaired functional vasodilation in the obese Zucker rat (OZR), a model of obesity. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that there is an impaired release of PGI(2)(More)
OBJECTIVE (1) To determine the incidence and severity of subglottic stenosis on endoscopic evaluation in a pediatric population of patients with recurrent croup. (2) To determine the incidence of abnormal findings on bronchoalveolar lavage and esophageal biopsy in a pediatric population with recurrent croup. METHODS Case series with historical chart(More)
OBJECTIVE Skeletal muscle blood flow during exercise is impaired in obesity. We tested the hypothesis that the attenuated vasodilation in skeletal muscle arterioles of obese Zucker rats (OZR) is due to altered K(ATP) channel-mediated vasodilation. MATERIALS AND METHODS K(ATP) channel function was determined in isolated skeletal muscle arterioles in(More)
1. Obesity/metabolic syndrome is associated with augmented a-adrenoceptor sensitivity and impaired hyperaemic responses to exercise. Thus, it is possible that this elevated a-adrenoceptor constriction contributes to the blunted hyperaemic response. 2. Male lean and obese Zucker rats were instrumented for acute measurements of blood pressure (BP) and iliac(More)
Dental sources of infection can produce acute and chronic maxillary sinusitis. In some cases, the source of the infection may be related to the presence of endodontic materials in the oral cavity. In this article, we report a case of retained gutta-percha in the maxillary sinus resulting in chronic sinusitis.
The human communicating nerve (HCN) is a connection between the superior and recurrent laryngeal nerves that has been described in cadaveric studies. We report a case of an extralaryngeal variant of the HCN that was identified and stimulated intraoperatively during thyroidectomy. This appears to be the first case of intraoperative identification of this(More)