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Sixteen women were studied during elective diagnostic laparoscopy with CO2-insufflation to an intraabdominal pressure (IAP) of 2 kPa and Trendelenburg tilt to 30 degrees. They were allocated to either a halothane (Group I) or a balanced (Group II) anaesthesia with relaxation and controlled ventilation. Heart rate (HR), arterial pressure, stroke volume,(More)
The cardiopulmonary response to maximal rowing exercise of short duration was studied in six healthy well-trained oarsmen. The lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide was significantly decreased below the pre-exercise value for 2.5 days post-exercise (P less than 0.05). Residual volume (RV) showed a significantly increased value at 30 min of recovery (P(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether dopamine prevents deterioration of central haemodynamics and renal function in aortoiliac surgery. DESIGN Prospective, randomised and placebo-controlled. SETTING University hospital. MATERIALS Thirty patients for elective vascular surgery with implantation of an aortobifemoral or an aortobiiliac graft due to aortoiliac(More)
The effect of three postoperative regimens of respiratory therapy on pulmonary complications and lung function was compared in high-risk patients. Fifty-one patients were randomized to: 1) conventional chest physiotherapy alone (PHYS), 2) chest physiotherapy and positive expiratory pressure (PEP), or 3) chest physiotherapy with both positive expiratory(More)
Pregnancy and delivery are described in a 22-year-old woman suffering from spinal muscular atrophy. In spite of severe respiratory insufficiency with a vital capacity of 0.6 litre, pregnancy and planned caesarean section in general anaesthesia went without complications. Some explanations for this are presented. Teams involving respiratory centres(More)
The effects of diazepam on antroduodenal motility, gastric pH and gastric emptying rate were investigated in 10 volunteers. Gastric emptying was assessed using paracetamol absorption and antroduodenal motility and pH by means of a perfused multilumen tube. On the first study day, the volunteers received paracetamol in phase I after the occurrence of one(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between renal function, ambulatory blood pressure (AMBP), and glycemic control in microalbuminuric IDDM patients compared with normoalbuminuric patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Nineteen male patients (age 33 +/- 6 years) with slight microalbuminuria (UAE 20-70 micrograms/min) were compared with 19(More)
We describe a case in which a repeat minitracheotomy (MT) could not be performed 2 months after the first. The cricothyroid membrane seemed calcified and histological examination showed scar formation with dystrophic calcification and heterotopic bone formation. Scar formation following MT may have caused these alterations making repeat access to the airway(More)
A case of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) was undiagnosed until the girl in question was eight years old. Her development was normal, although with symptoms and signs of nocturnal hypoventilation. At the age of eight, with an interval of eight months, she suffered two attacks of acute respiratory insufficiency necessitating intubation and(More)