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Population balance equations (PBEs) for reversible aggregation-fragmentation processes are important to particle agglomeration and dissolution, polymerization and degradation, liquid droplet coalescence and breakup, and floc coagulation and disintegration. Moment solutions provide convenient solutions to the PBEs, including steady state and similarity(More)
Of the many complex processes of granular materials, vibrational settling and compaction are common phenomena that have attracted much attention. In this work, we investigate vibrational, or tapping, compaction, and propose that the underlying kinetics involves clusters fragmenting and aggregating, and individual grains attaching and dissociating at cluster(More)
To determine when intraparticle diffusion and sorption can influence the rate of biodegradation, we consider the biodegradation of a pollutant diffusing into or out of porous aggregates suspended in a liquid medium, where the reactant is metabolized by bacteria. The pollutant that diffuses into the aggregates obeys a sorption-desorption equilibrium isotherm(More)
Cluster distribution kinetics is adopted to explore the kinetics of polymer crystallization. Population balance equations based on crystal size distribution and concentration of amorphous polymer segments are solved numerically and the related dynamic moment equations are also solved. The model accounts for heterogeneous or homogeneous nucleation and(More)
We adopt a cluster size distribution model to investigate the kinetics of nonisothermal polymer crystallization. The time dependencies of polymer concentration, number and size of crystals, and crystallinity (in Avrami plots) are presented for different cooling rates. The incubation period is also investigated at different cooling rates and initial(More)
Power law distributions have been observed in numerous physical and social systems; for example, the size distributions of particles, aerosols, corporations, and cities are often power laws. Each system is an ensemble of clusters, comprising units that combine with or dissociate from the cluster. Constructing models and investigating their properties are(More)
To describe axial dispersion, particle film mass transfer, intraparticle diffusion, and the chemical reaction of the substrate for enzymes immobilized in porous particles in packed columns, we have developed mathematical models for first- and zero-order limits of Michaelis-Menten kinetics. Steady-state solutions were derived for both long and short column(More)
The hydrophobic interaction of beta-galactosidase with Sepharose 4B substituted with 3,3'-diaminodipropylamine was studied in both batch and column experiments. The equilibrium and the binding rate constants were determined for different phosphate buffer concentrations. The equilibrium constants exhibit a hysteresis effect, i.e., desorption constants are(More)
Spinodal decomposition (barrierless phase transition) is a spontaneous phase separation caused by conditions that force the system to become thermodynamically unstable. We consider spinodal decomposition to occur under conditions of large supersaturation S and/or small ratio of interfacial to thermal energies omega, such that the computed number of monomers(More)