Benjamin J. McCoy

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To determine when intraparticle diffusion and sorption can influence the rate of biodegradation, we consider the biodegradation of a pollutant diffusing into or out of porous aggregates suspended in a liquid medium, where the reactant is metabolized by bacteria. The pollutant that diffuses into the aggregates obeys a sorption-desorption equilibrium isotherm(More)
Cluster distribution kinetics is adopted to explore the kinetics of polymer crystallization. Population balance equations based on crystal size distribution and concentration of amorphous polymer segments are solved numerically and the related dynamic moment equations are also solved. The model accounts for heterogeneous or homogeneous nucleation and(More)
The dynamics of Ostwald ripening is treated by cluster distribution kinetics represented by a population balance equation that also describes growth or dissolution. Unlike simple crystal growth driven by supersaturation, the smaller, more soluble clusters in the distribution dissolve during ripening near equilibrium and vanish when they reach the critical(More)
We adopt the cluster size distribution model to investigate the effect of temperature on homogeneous nucleation and crystal growth for isothermal polymer crystallization. The model includes the temperature effects of interfacial energy, nucleation rate, growth and dissociation rate coefficients, and equilibrium solubility. The time dependencies of polymer(More)
Petroleum coke, or petcoke, is a granular coal-like industrial by-product that is separated during the refinement of heavy crude oil. Recently, the processing of material from Canadian oil sands in U.S. refineries has led to the appearance of large petcoke piles adjacent to urban communities in Detroit and Chicago. The purpose of this literature review is(More)
Of the many complex processes of granular materials, vibrational settling and compaction are common phenomena that have attracted much attention. In this work, we investigate vibrational, or tapping, compaction, and propose that the underlying kinetics involves clusters fragmenting and aggregating, and individual grains attaching and dissociating at cluster(More)
Condensation phase transitions from metastable fluids occur by nucleation with accompanying particle growth and eventual Ostwald ripening. During ripening the subcritical particles dissolve spontaneously while larger particles grow and possibly coalesce if their volume fraction is large enough. The classical diffusion-influenced rates are also affected by(More)
We adopt a cluster size distribution model to investigate the kinetics of nonisothermal polymer crystallization. The time dependencies of polymer concentration, number and size of crystals, and crystallinity (in Avrami plots) are presented for different cooling rates. The incubation period is also investigated at different cooling rates and initial(More)
Gelation can occur in polymer, hydrogel, and colloid systems that undergo reversible aggregation-fragmentation (crosslinking accompanied by breakage). Gelation, characterized by rapid divergence of weight-average molecular weight and viscosity due to initial network formation, can be reversed if conditions change. In this paper, reversible aggregation and(More)