Benjamin J. Hackel

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This protocol describes the process of isolating and engineering antibodies or proteins for increased affinity and stability using yeast surface display. Single-chain antibody fragments (scFvs) are first isolated from an existing nonimmune human library displayed on the yeast surface using magnetic-activated cell sorting selection followed by selection(More)
PURPOSE Detection of pancreatic cancer remains a high priority and effective diagnostic tools are needed for clinical applications. Many cancer cells overexpress integrin α(v)β(6), a cell surface receptor being evaluated as a novel clinical biomarker. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To validate this molecular target, several highly stable cystine knot peptides were(More)
This study describes the soluble production, purification, and functional testing of an anti-transferrin receptor single-chain antibody (OX26 scFv) using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The yeast secretion apparatus was optimized by modulating expression temperature, the folding environment of the endoplasmic reticulum, and gene dosage. Secreted scFv(More)
Gelonin-based immunotoxins vary widely in their cytotoxic potency as a function of antigen density, target cell internalization and trafficking kinetics, and conjugate properties. We have synthesized novel gelonin immunotoxins using two different binding scaffold types (single-chain antibody variable fragments and fibronectin domains) targeting two(More)
The 10th type III domain of human fibronectin (Fn3) has been validated as an effective scaffold for molecular recognition. In the current work, it was desired to improve the robustness of selection of stable, high-affinity Fn3 domains. A yeast surface display library of Fn3 was created in which three solvent-exposed loops were diversified in terms of amino(More)
The rugged protein sequence-function landscape complicates efforts, both in nature and in the laboratory, to evolve protein function. Protein library diversification must strike a balance between sufficient variegation to thoroughly sample alternative functionality versus the probability of mutant destabilization below an expressible threshold. In this(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in nervous system function and has therapeutic potential. Microbial production of BDNF has resulted in a low-fidelity protein product, often in the form of large, insoluble aggregates incapable of binding to cognate TrkB or p75 receptors. In this study, employing Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)
Yeast surface display (YSD) presents proteins on the surface of yeast through interaction of the agglutinin subunits Aga1p and Aga2p. The human 10th type III fibronectin (Fn3) is a small, 10-kDa protein domain that maintains its native fold without disulfide bonds. A YSD library of Fn3s has been engineered with a loop amino acid composition similar to that(More)
PURPOSE To assess the ability of an engineered epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-binding fibronectin domain to serve as a positron emission tomographic (PET) probe for molecular imaging of EGFR in a xenograft mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS An EGFR-binding fibronectin domain (fibronectin abbreviated to Fn when bound) was site-specifically labeled(More)
No single engineered protein has been shown previously to robustly downregulate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a validated cancer target. A panel of fibronectin-based domains was engineered to bind with picomolar to nanomolar affinity to multiple epitopes of EGFR. Monovalent and homo- and hetero-bivalent dimers of these domains were tested for(More)