Benjamin J. Bivona

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Diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. The current studies were performed to determine the later stages of the progression of renal disease in type II diabetic mice (BKS; db/db). Methodology was developed for determining glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in conscious, chronically instrumented mice using continuous(More)
BACKGROUND Our laboratory has previously demonstrated the importance of a cytoskeletal-based survival signaling pathway using in vitro models of ischemia/reperfusion (IR). However, the importance of this pathway in mediating stress-elicited survival signaling in vivo is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS The essential cytoskeletal signaling pathway member focal(More)
Combination therapy of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition and AT(1) receptor blockade has been shown to provide greater renoprotection than ACE inhibitor alone in human diabetic nephropathy, suggesting that ACE-independent pathways for ANG II formation are of major significance in disease progression. Studies were performed to determine the(More)
Our previous work supports a major role for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-independent intrarenal angiotensin (ANG) II formation on microvascular function in type 2 diabetes mellitus. We tested the hypothesis that there is a switch from renal vascular ACE-dependent to chymase-dependent ANGII formation in diabetes mellitus. The in vitro juxtamedullary(More)
Angiotensin type 1A (AT(1A)) and 1B (AT(1B)) receptor deletion (AT1DKO) results in renal microvascular disease, tubulointerstitial injury, and reduced blood pressure. To test the hypothesis that renal preglomerular responses to angiotensin (ANG) II are mediated by AT(1A) and AT(1B) receptors, experiments were performed in AT1DKO mice using the in vitro(More)
The db/db mouse is a genetic model of type 2 diabetes that exhibits progressive renal disease. Obesity, hyperglycemia, and albuminuria (822 +/- 365 vs. 28 +/- 8 microg/day) are evident in 18-wk-old db/db compared with db/m (lean littermate control) mice. Our goal was to determine the blood pressure (BP) phenotype of the db/db mouse. Mean arterial BP(More)
Angiotensin (ANG) type 1A (AT(1A)) receptor-null (AT(1A)(-/-)) mice exhibit reduced afferent arteriolar (AA) constrictor responses to ANG II compared with wild-type (WT) mice, whereas efferent arteriolar (EA) responses are absent (Harrison-Bernard LM, Cook AK, Oliverio MI, and Coffman TM. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 284: F538-F545, 2003). In the present(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is associated with enhanced renal, plasma, and urinary endothelin (ET)-1 levels. Chymase cleaves Big ET-1 (1-38) to ET-1 (1-31), which is further cleaved by neutral endopeptidase to ET-1 (1-21). The current study tested the hypothesis that afferent arterioles (AA) of diabetic kidneys exhibit enhanced vasoconstrictor(More)
Elderly individuals are the largest demographic group at risk for nutrition disorders. Home care professionals can incorporate routine screening, counseling, and interventions by noting risks and indicators for poor nutrition in the homes they visit using the Nutrition Screening Initiative checklist system.
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