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Fluorescent oligonucleotide hybridization probes were used to label bacterial cells for analysis by flow cytometry. The probes, complementary to short sequence elements within the 16S rRNA common to phylogenetically coherent assemblages of microorganisms, were labeled with tetramethylrhodamine and hybridized to suspensions of fixed cells. Flow cytometry was(More)
We define a pair-correlation function that can be used to characterize spatiotemporal patterning in experimental images and snapshots from discrete simulations. Unlike previous pair-correlation functions, the pair-correlation functions developed here depend on the location and size of objects. The pair-correlation function can be used to indicate complete(More)
Quantifying the impact of biochemical compounds on collective cell spreading is an essential element of drug design, with various applications including developing treatments for chronic wounds and cancer. Scratch assays are a technically simple and inexpensive method used to study collective cell spreading; however, most previous interpretations of scratch(More)
Images from cell biology experiments often indicate the presence of cell clustering, which can provide insight into the mechanisms driving the collective cell behaviour. Pair-correlation functions provide quantitative information about the presence, or absence, of clustering in a spatial distribution of cells. This is because the pair-correlation function(More)
Midbrain, hindbrain and vagal neural crest (NC) produced abundant enteric nervous system (ENS) in co-grafted aneural hindgut and midgut, using chick-quail chorio-allantoic membrane grafts, forming complete myenteric and submucosal plexuses. This ability dropped suddenly in cervical and thoracic NC levels, furnishing an incomplete ENS in one or both(More)
Hindbrain (vagal) neural crest cells become relatively uniformly distributed along the embryonic intestine during the rostral to caudal colonization wave which forms the enteric nervous system (ENS). When vagal neural crest cells are labeled before migration in avian embryos by in ovo electroporation, the distribution of labeled neural crest cells in the(More)
Conventional analysis of flow cytometric data requires that population identification be performed graphically after a sample has been run using two-parameter scatter plots. As more parameters are measured, the number of possible two-parameter plots increases geometrically, making data analysis increasingly cumbersome. Artificial Neural Systems (ANS), also(More)
Spreading cell fronts are essential features of development, repair and disease processes. Many mathematical models used to describe the motion of cell fronts, such as Fisher's equation, invoke a mean-field assumption which implies that there is no spatial structure, such as cell clustering, present. Here, we examine the presence of spatial structure using(More)
Cell lineage tracing is a powerful tool for understanding how proliferation and differentiation of individual cells contribute to population behaviour. In the developing enteric nervous system (ENS), enteric neural crest (ENC) cells move and undergo massive population expansion by cell division within self-growing mesenchymal tissue. We show that single ENC(More)
Scratch assays are often used to investigate potential drug treatments for chronic wounds and cancer. Interpreting these experiments with a mathematical model allows us to estimate the cell diffusivity, D, and the cell proliferation rate, λ. However, the influence of the experimental design on the estimates of D and λ is unclear. Here we apply an(More)