Benjamin J. Andreone

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The central nervous system (CNS) requires a tightly controlled environment free of toxins and pathogens to provide the proper chemical composition for neural function. This environment is maintained by the 'blood-brain barrier' (BBB), which is composed of blood vessels whose endothelial cells display specialized tight junctions and extremely low rates of(More)
Longitudinal axon fascicles within the Drosophila embryonic CNS provide connections between body segments and are required for coordinated neural signaling along the anterior-posterior axis. We show here that establishment of select CNS longitudinal tracts and formation of precise mechanosensory afferent innervation to the same CNS region are coordinately(More)
The brain, which represents 2% of body mass but consumes 20% of body energy at rest, has a limited capacity to store energy and is therefore highly dependent on oxygen and glucose supply from the blood stream. Normal functioning of neural circuits thus relies on adequate matching between metabolic needs and blood supply. Moreover, not only does the brain(More)
The Drosophila transmembrane semaphorin-1a (Sema-1a) is a repulsive guidance cue that uses the Plexin A (PlexA) receptor during neural development. Sema-1a is required in axons to facilitate motor axon defasciculation at guidance choice points. We found that mutations in the trol gene strongly suppress Sema-1a-mediated repulsive axon guidance. trol encodes(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) provides a constant homeostatic brain environment that is essential for proper neural function. An unusually low rate of vesicular transport (transcytosis) has been identified as one of the two unique properties of CNS endothelial cells, relative to peripheral endothelial cells, that maintain the restrictive quality of the BBB.(More)
Longitudinal axon fascicles within the Drosophila embryonic CNS provide connections between body segments and are required for coordinated neural signaling along the anterior-posterior axis. We find that the establishment of CNS longitudinal tracts, and the formation of precise chordotonal mechanosensory afferent innervation to the same CNS region, are(More)
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