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TGF-beta signaling plays a key role in induction of the Xenopus mesoderm and endoderm. Using a yeast-based selection scheme, we isolated derrière, a novel TGF-beta family member that is closely related to Vg1 and that is required for normal mesodermal patterning, particularly in posterior regions of the embryo. Unlike Vg1, derrière is expressed zygotically,(More)
The maternal transcription factor VegT is important for establishing the primary germ layers in Xenopus. In previous work, we showed that the vegetal masses of embryos lacking maternal VegT do not produce mesoderm-inducing signals and that mesoderm formation in these embryos occurred ectopically, from the vegetal area rather than the equatorial zone of the(More)
One candidate for an endogenous mesoderm-inducing factor in Xenopus is derrière, a member of the TGFbeta family closely related to Vg1. In this paper we first show that derrière is able to exert long-range effects in the early Xenopus embryo, reinforcing the view that it functions as a secreted factor required for proper formation of posterior structures.(More)
In a search for factors that regulate patterning of the Xenopus anteroposterior (A/P) axis, particularly the anterior ectoderm, we isolated two members of the Frizzled-related protein (FRP) gene family that are thought to encode antagonists of Wnt signaling. frzb2 is expressed in head mesoderm while sizzled2 is expressed in ventral ectoderm and mesoderm,(More)
To address the need for high sensitivity in gene expression profiling of small neural tissue samples ( approximately 100 ng total RNA), we compared a novel RT-PCR-IVT protocol using fluor-reverse pairs on inkjet oligonucleotide microarrays and an RT-IVT protocol using 33P labeling on nylon cDNA arrays. The comparison protocol was designed to evaluate these(More)
We have identified fullback and fullback-like, two Xenopus laevis neurotrophin receptor homolog (NRH1) genes. The sequences of Fullback and Fullback-like are very similar to that of the neurotrophin receptor p75NTR, in both their extracellular and their intracellular domains. As their names imply, fullback and fullback-like are expressed in essentially(More)
Subtractive cloning is a powerful technique for isolating genes expressed or present in one cell population but not in another. This method and a related one termed positive selection have their origins in nucleic acid reassociation techniques. We discuss the history of subtractive techniques, and fundamental information about the nucleic acid composition(More)
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