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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of serum heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) as a therapeutic target in coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND Expression of HSP27 in human coronary arteries diminishes with the progression of atherosclerosis, whereas ubiquitous HSP27 overexpression in apolipoprotein E(-/-) (ApoE(-/-)) mice attenuates(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent clinical trials suggest an LDL-independent superiority of intensive statin therapy in reducing target vessel revascularization and peri-procedural myocardial infarctions in patients who undergo percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). While animal studies demonstrate that statins mobilize endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) which can(More)
AIMS Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are circulating pluripotent vascular cells capable of enhancing re-endothelialization and diminishing neointima formation following arterial injury. Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta is a protein kinase that has been implicated in the regulation of progenitor cell biology. We hypothesized that EPC abundance and(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transradial versus transfemoral access for coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with a body mass index ≥ 40 kg/m(2). BACKGROUND Coronary angiography is most commonly performed via femoral artery access; however, the optimal approach in extremely obese(More)
Progress in the treatment of human in-stent restenosis (ISR) is hampered by an imprecise understanding of the nature of the cells that occlude vascular stents. Recent studies suggest that circulating vascular progenitor cells may mediate vascular repair and lesion formation. Moreover, functional endothelial progenitor cells appear to play a protective role(More)
The regulation of the estrogenic responses may be influenced by the proteins that associate with estrogen receptors (ERs) rather than solely with the receptors themselves. ERbeta is expressed in blood vessels and may play an important role in vascular disease. We hypothesized that specific proteins interact with ERbeta to modulate its response to estrogens.(More)
While estrogen receptor (ER) profile plays an important role in response to estrogens, receptor coregulators act as critical determinants of signaling. Although the clinical effects of ovarian hormones on various normal and pathological processes are an active area of research, the exact signaling effects on, for example, the vessel wall, are incompletely(More)
Whereas the genesis of an arterial lesion is thought to be the result of migration and proliferation of vascular cells, recent insights into the biology of progenitor cells now question this concept. Specifically, endothelial and smooth muscle cells appear to be derived from multiple sources such as circulating stem and progenitor cells, as well as(More)
AIMS Drug-eluting stents (DESs) reduce neointima area and in-stent restenosis but delay re-endothelialization. Recently, we demonstrated that pharmacological expansion and functional enhancement of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) can be achieved by treatment with a glycogen synthase kinase-3beta inhibitor (GSKi)-even for feeble cells derived from(More)