Benjamin H Cohen

Learn More
Age has been shown to influence drug metabolism but effects of aging could be due to other variables that influence metabolism and differ with age. Plasma half-life and metabolic clearance rate of antipyrine were studied in 307 healthy male subjects, aged 18 to 92. Half-life was 16.5% longer and metabolic clearance rate was 18.5% less in a group of the(More)
The hypothesis that vitamin A, or foods rich in vitamin A such as milk, protects against the development of airway obstruction was tested in a subsample of data from the 1971-1975 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The relative risk (estimated by relative odds) of having airway obstruction, defined as a FEV1/FVC less than or equal to 65%, was(More)
Although many studies report deleterious effects of inbreeding on prereproductive mortality (death before age 20 years), such effects are usually measured in terms of genetic load, a concept much debated in the literature. To evaluate the public health impact of inbreeding on prereproductive mortality in terms of relative and attributable risks, the authors(More)
Survivorship data from a 24 year longitudinal study of 874 male volunteers in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging were used to assess the role of pulmonary function on total mortality. Even when age and smoking were considered, the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 sec to its predicted value was significantly associated with mortality from all(More)
In a longitudinal study of pulmonary function, we investigated the relationship between loss of forced expiration over time and a series of potential risk factors, as well as 4 other measures of pulmonary function at initial visit. Data on 1,912 adults tested twice, with an average of 4.7 yr between visits, were used. Of the potential risk factors examined,(More)
First-degree relatives of lung-cancer patients and of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease had significantly higher age-sex-race-smoking-adjusted rates of impaired forced expiration than first-degree relatives of patients with non-pulmonary disease or community-derived comparison series (neighbourhood controls and teachers). Subclassification(More)
To examine patterns of interaction between cigarette smoking and genetic factors in relation to airways obstruction, cross sectional data were analysed on 1787 white non-patient adult participants in a genetic-epidemiological study of airways obstruction (AO), defined as one-second forced expiratory volume FEV1 less than 68% of forced vital capacity FVC.(More)
In order to assess the relative and interactive importance of genetic and environmental components on the development of myopia in Chinese school children aged from 10 to 15 years, a population-based sample of 361 same-sexed twin pairs recruited through stratified cluster sampling was studied. Zygosity of twin pairs was determined by Mendelian traits, red(More)
To clarify the basis of the reported association between alcohol and pulmonary disease, the relationship between intake of alcohol and pulmonary function was examined in 2,539 community-dwelling adult participants in an ongoing longitudinal study of risk factors for airway obstruction. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s, expressed as a percentage of forced(More)
Direct and indirect (mediated by biologic factors) effects of inbreeding on prereproductive mortality (death before age 20 years) were investigated in a case-control study conducted in the Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Old Order Amish. A total of 211 cases of prereproductive death between 1969 and 1980 and 213 live controls were compared for differences(More)