Benjamin Gilles

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A new method to simulate deformable objects with heterogeneous material properties and complex geometries is presented. Given a volumetric map of the material properties and an arbitrary number of control nodes, a distribution of the nodes is computed automatically, as well as the associated shape functions. Reference frames attached to the nodes are used(More)
Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) allows the non-invasive study of muscle fiber architecture but musculoskeletal DTI suffers from low signal-to-noise ratio. Noise in the computed tensor fields can lead to poorly reconstructed muscle fiber fields. This paper describes an algorithm for producing denoised muscle fiber fields from noisy diffusion tensor data as(More)
The automatic segmentation of the musculoskeletal system from medical images is a particularly challenging task, due to its morphological complexity, its large variability in the population and its potentially large deformations. In this paper we propose a novel approach for musculoskeletal segmentation and registration based on simplex meshes. Such(More)
To control morphogenesis, molecular regulatory networks have to interfere with the mechanical properties of the individual cells of developing organs and tissues, but how this is achieved is not well known. We study this issue here in the shoot meristem of higher plants, a group of undifferentiated cells where complex changes in growth rates and directions(More)
We present a new type of deformable model which combines the realism of physically-based continuum mechanics models and the usability of frame-based skinning methods. The degrees of freedom are coordinate frames. In contrast with traditional skinning, frame positions are not scripted but move in reaction to internal body forces. The displacement field is(More)
To better understand movement limitations and, to some extent, the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis, it is important to quantitatively measure femoroacetabular translations to assess if any joint subluxation occurs. In this paper, we aim at measuring hip joint displacements from magnetic resonance images (MRI) based on a surface registration technique.(More)
TH1 cytokine secretion was examined in response to synthetic peptides of the 85A component of the major secreted, fibronectin-binding antigen 85 complex from Mycobacterium tuberculosis in seven different mouse strains infected with live M. bovis BCG. Twenty-eight overlapping 20-mer peptides covering the complete mature 295-amino-acid (AA) protein were(More)
We determined the relative efficacy of two bronchodilator aerosol delivery methods in 18 intubated mechanically ventilated patients with airways obstruction. Two treatment arms, consisting of albuterol 270 micrograms (three puffs) from a metered dose inhaler and albuterol 2.5 mg from a saline solution nebulized with an updraft inhaler, were compared in a(More)
The link between genetic regulation and the definition of form and size during morphogenesis remains largely an open question in both plant and animal biology. This is partially due to the complexity of the process, involving extensive molecular networks, multiple feedbacks between different scales of organization and physical forces operating at multiple(More)