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We study error exponents for source coding with side information. Both achievable exponents and converse bounds are obtained for the following two cases: lossless source coding with coded information and lossy source coding with full side information (Wyner-Ziv). These results recover and extend several existing results on source-coding error exponents and(More)
Bacteria use various ways to transfer genetic information. These methods include: conjugation, which requires cell to cell contact between cells, transduction, which is bacteriophage-facilitated transfer of genetic information, and transformation, which is the uptake of free DNA from the environment. Usually the genes to be transferred lie on mobile genetic(More)
We describe a scheme for rate-distortion with distributed encoding in which the sources to be compressed contain a common component. We show that this scheme is optimal in some situations and that it strictly improves upon existing schemes, which do not make full use of common components. This establishes that independent quantization followed by(More)
Following the establishment of a chronic varicella-zoster virus infection in the rat, behavioural allodynia and hyperalgesia were observed in the injected, but not the contralateral hind limb up to 33 days post-infection. This model may prove useful in investigating mechanisms involved in the establishment of post-herpetic neuralgia.
Genes encoding virulence determinants are transferred between species in many different environments. In this review we describe gene transfer events to and from different species of bacteria, from bacteria to plants, and from plants to bacteria. Examples of the setting for these transfer events include: the GI tract, the rumen, the oral cavity, and in food(More)
This review describes horizontal gene transfer from a historical point of view, with descriptions of the first instances of the different bacterial transfer mechanisms: conjugation, transduction and transformation, as well as examples of some of the early acknowledged transfer events. Gene transfer from four selected foodborne pathogens: Escherichia coli,(More)
The intraerythrocytic multiplication of two strains of Theileria annulata was studied with parasites maintained in stationary cultures and in the blood of infected cattle. In cultures established with blood from infected cattle 20-60% of single T. annulata piroplasms divided into quadruplet forms by day 6 in vitro. Transmission electron microscopic studies(More)
We provide a novel upper-bound on Witsenhausen's rate, the rate required in the zero-error analogue of the Slepian-Wolf problem. Our bound is given in terms of a new information-theoretic functional defined on a certain graph and is derived by upper bounding complementary graph entropy. We use the functional, along with graph entropy, to give a single(More)
Given training sequences generated by two distinct, but unknown distributions sharing a common alphabet, we seek a classifier that can correctly decide whether a third test sequence is generated by the first or second distribution using only the training data. To model ‘limited learning’ we allow the alphabet size to grow and therefore(More)