Benjamin G. Brackett

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Experiments were carried out to investigate putative beneficial effects of adding epidermal growth factor (EGF) or insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) for bovine embryo culture in chemically defined media. Presumptive zygotes (18 h post-insemination) were randomly assigned to culture treatments. In experiment 1, treatments involved additions of recombinant(More)
Assisted reproduction technologies have made great progress during the last 15 years in most mammalian species, including humans. Growing evidence indicates that bovine pre-implantation development is a superior model for investigating early human development than the mouse. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two basic culture(More)
Simian virus 40 (SV40) adsorbs on rabbit spermatozoa but does not penetrate the cells, as indicated by the absence of radioactive material seen on autoradiography of spermatozoa exposed to [(3)H]thymidine-labeled SV40. In contrast, after exposure of spermatozoa to labeled SV40 DNA, radioactive material was found in the postacrosomal area of the spermatozoa.(More)
Ovarian cortex cryopreservation and xenotransplantation into immunodeficient mice represents a potential means for female germplasm conservation and an immediate model for investigation of folliculogenesis. The objectives of this study were to: (1) assess follicle survival after cryopreservation and transplantation of cat ovarian tissue into non-obese(More)
The objective of these experiments was to assess putative embryotrophic effects of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) on bovine preimplantation development in chemically defined media. Recombinant human LIF was added to embryo culture media at a concentration of 100 ng/ml. When added for culture of morulae LIF had no positive effect on the proportion of(More)
A repeatable procedure for fertilization of bovine ova in vitro is described. Oocytes were recovered from ovarian follicles or from oviducts near the time of ovulation following treatment of donors with pregnant mare's serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha). For in vitro capacitation semen was incubated, then high ionic strength(More)
The effects of LH on tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle activity within denuded and cumulus cell-enclosed bovine oocytes were investigated by measuring the metabolism of L-[14C(U)]glutamine and [2-14C]pyruvate to 14CO2 after in vitro maturation (IVM) with LH in serum-free, defined culture conditions. Initially, intact cumulus cell-enclosed oocytes or(More)