Benjamin F. Bruner

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OBJECTIVE New examples support the concept that host immune responses to pathogenic organisms can act as the nidus for autoimmunity. Two such examples implicate the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), i.e., data consistent with SLE anti-Sm and anti-60-kd Ro autoantibodies emerging from distinct humoral immune responses to(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a clinically diverse, complex autoimmune disease which may present with coincident onset of many criteria or slow, gradual symptom accrual. Early intervention has been postulated to delay or prevent the development of more serious sequelae. One option for treatment in this setting is hydroxychloroquine. Using 130 US(More)
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) are a common feature of systemic vasculitides and have been classified as autoimmune conditions based, in part, on these autoantibodies. ANCA are subdivided further based on their primary target: cytoplasm (c-ANCA) or perinuclear region (p-ANCA). p-ANCAs commonly target myeloperoxidase (MPO), an enzyme with(More)
Autoantibodies binding the ribosomal P phosphoproteins are highly specific for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and can be found in precipitating levels in approximately 15% of these patients. Anti-ribosomal P antibodies are directed against three proteins, and the primary autoimmune target of this response has been described as a common 22-amino acid(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a clinically heterogeneous, humoral autoimmune disorder. The unifying feature among SLE patients is the production of large quantities of autoantibodies. Serum samples from 129 patients collected before the onset of SLE and while in the United States military were evaluated for early pre-clinical serologic events. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Replacement of standard immunofluorescence methods with bead-based assays for antinuclear antibody (ANA) testing is a new clinical option. The aim of this study was to evaluate a large, multiethnic cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), blood relatives, and unaffected control individuals for familial aggregation and subset(More)
Purpose. This study evaluates high-throughput autoantibody screening and determines associated systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) clinical features in a large lupus cohort. Methods. Clinical and demographic information, along with serum samples, were obtained from each SLE study participant after appropriate informed consent. Serum samples were screened for(More)
Many patients with Wegener’s granulomatosis (WG) have anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (c-ANCA). Aside from being a diagnostic marker, these autoantibodies may play roles in disease pathogenesis. Proteinase 3 (PR3) is the primary target of c-ANCA in WG patient sera. Of 60 c-ANCA-positive patients, 10 patients were selected for detailed humoral epitope(More)
AIM Prolidase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disease in which one of the last steps of collagen metabolism, cleavage of proline-containing dipeptides, is impaired. Only about 93 patients have been reported with about 10% also having systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS We studied a large extended Amish pedigree with four prolidase(More)