Benjamin Daniels

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Several reports have suggested an increased prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in HIV-infected individuals. Vitamin D deficiency may be a risk factor for osteoporosis and bone fractures. We aimed to determine the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in an outpatient HIV clinic in Boston. We collected serum levels of 25-OH vitamin D and evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND Existing studies of the quality of tuberculosis care have relied on recall-based patient surveys, questionnaire surveys of knowledge, and prescription or medical record analysis, and the results mostly show the health-care provider's knowledge rather than actual practice. No study has used standardised patients to assess clinical practice.(More)
Lactate dehydrogenase (ldh) gene sequences, levels of 16S rRNA group-specific probe binding, and phenotypic characteristics were compared for 45 environmental isolates and four commercial starter strains of Lactococcus lactis to identify evolutionary groups best suited to cheddar cheese manufacture, ldh sequences from the environmental isolates showed high(More)
BACKGROUND India's total antibiotic use is the highest of any country. Patients often receive prescription-only drugs directly from pharmacies. Here we aimed to assess the medical advice and drug dispensing practices of pharmacies for standardised patients with presumed and confirmed tuberculosis in India. METHODS In this cross-sectional study in the(More)
The Wnt signalling receptor receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 (ROR2) is implicated in numerous human cancers. However, there have been conflicting reports regarding ROR2 expression, some studies showing upregulation and others downregulation of ROR2 in the same cancer type. The majority of these studies used immunohistochemistry (IHC) to(More)
No data on the bioaccumulation and distribution of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in aquatic vertebrates is available until now. We quantified uptake and elimination of dispersed radiolabeled MWCNTs ((14)C-MWCNT; 1 mg/L) by zebrafish (Danio rerio) over time. The influences of the feeding regime and presence of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) on(More)
The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) is Australia’s national drug subsidy program. This paper provides a practical guide to researchers using PBS data to examine prescribed medicine use. Excerpts of the PBS data collection are available in a variety of formats. We describe the core components of four publicly available extracts (the Australian(More)
100 Background: Pharmaceutical claims are used increasingly to investigate the real-world use and impact of prescribed medicines. Claims databases are established for payment purposes, lack clinical data and only capture prescriptions for which insurers pay a contribution. We compare Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) dispensing claims of HER2EBC(More)
The effects of triphenyltin (TPT) on non-target aquatic groups like copepods have not yet been studied in detail. Recently, Mesocyclops leuckarti was suggested as a representative species for freshwater cyclopoid copepods to study the effects of plant protection products. We conducted 96h acute toxicity tests in the laboratory to study the effects of TPT on(More)
Studied classroom examination performance over the course of an entire semester as a function of (a) students' anxiety level (high, medium, low); (b) difficulty level of exam question (more vs. less difficult); (c) type of exam question (rote memory vs. generalization); (d) sex of S; and (e) intelligence level of S. As expected, there was a strong main(More)